city, seat (1879) of Marinette county, northeastern Wisconsin, U.S. It is a port of entry at the mouth of the Menominee River, opposite Menominee, Michigan, on Green Bay of Lake Michigan. A trading post established in 1794 by Stanislaus Chappu (also spelled Chappee), a French Canadian fur trader, formed the nucleus of the original settlement. The city was named for Marinette Chevalier (Queen Marinette), the daughter of a Menominee chief, who married William Farnsworth, a fur trader who took over the trading post in 1824. The town was officially organized in 1855. Logging was the main occupation, and the city was home to dozens of sawmills; after about 1900 lumbering gave way to diversified manufacturing (the last sawmill closed in 1931). Principal industries include shipbuilding and the manufacture of automotive parts, fire extinguishers and firefighting equipment, paper products, and metal products. Tourism also contributes to the economy. The Marinette County Historical Museum commemorates the area's logging history. The city is the seat of the two-year University of Wisconsin-Marinette (1965) and a campus of the Northeast Wisconsin Technical College. The Theatre on the Bay, sited on the University of Wisconsin-Marinette campus, has hosted productions since 1966. Marinette features some 20 parks and 14 waterfalls. Inc. 1887. Pop. (1990) 11,843; (2000) 11,749.
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