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city, seat (1845) of Nodaway county, northwestern Missouri, U.S. It lies about 40 miles (65 km) north of St. Joseph. Founded in 1845, it was named for Mary Graham, an early settler. The community's economy depends on corn (maize), soybeans, and livestock raised in the surrounding area and on small manufactures (batteries, engines, automobile parts, steel bars, and industrial wire). Maryville is the seat of Northwest Missouri State University (established 1905). The first incorporation (1856) of Maryville was annulled, and the city was reincorporated in 1869. Pop. (2000) 10,581; (2005 est.) 10,567.