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Denotation vs. Connotation

mask

[mask, mahsk] /mæsk, mɑsk/
noun
1.
a covering for all or part of the face, worn to conceal one's identity.
2.
a grotesque or humorous false face worn at a carnival, masquerade, etc.:
Halloween masks.
3.
Also called swim mask. a device consisting typically of a transparent glass or plastic panel fitted into a flexible rubber gasket that fits snugly around the eyes, over the cheeks, and usually over the nose: used by skin divers.
4.
anything that disguises or conceals; disguise; pretense:
His politeness is a mask for his fundamentally malicious personality.
5.
a likeness of a face, as one molded on the face in plaster.
6.
a covering of wire, gauze, etc., to protect the face, as from splinters, dust, or a pitched ball.
7.
8.
any protective covering for the face or head.
9.
any protective covering, as paper, cardboard, plastic, or the like, used for masking an area of something, as of a photograph or window.
10.
the dark shading on the muzzle of certain dogs.
11.
a representation of a face or head, generally grotesque, used as an architectural ornament or as a decorative device in weaponry, furniture, etc.
12.
a person wearing a mask; masker.
13.
masque (defs 1–3).
14.
Also, masque. a cosmetic cream, gel, paste, or the like, that is applied to the face and allowed to remain for a short time before being removed and is used for tightening, cleansing, refreshing, or lubricating the skin.
15.
a piece of cloth, silk, or plastic material covering the face of an actor to symbolize the character being represented: used in Greek and Roman drama and in some modern plays.
16.
the face or head, as of a fox.
17.
Electronics. a type of stencil applied to the surface of a semiconductor to permit selective etching or deposition: used in the manufacture of integrated circuits by photolithography.
18.
Fortification. a screen, as of earth or brush, for concealing or protecting a battery or any military operation.
19.
Also called braker. Shipbuilding. a sliding timber construction braced against the stern of a hull being launched to keep it from entering the water too rapidly.
verb (used with object)
20.
to disguise or conceal; hide; dissemble:
to mask one's intentions.
21.
to cover or conceal with a mask.
22.
to cover or shield a part of (a design, picture, etc.) in order to prevent reproduction or to protect the surface from the colors used, as in working with an air brush or in painting.
23.
Fortification. to conceal (a battery or any military operation) from the enemy.
24.
to hinder, as an army, from conducting an operation.
verb (used without object)
25.
to put on a mask; disguise oneself.
Origin of mask
early Medieval Latin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Middle French masque, perhaps directly < Italian maschera mask, disguise < pre-Latin *maskara, an extended form of *mask-, probably with orig. sense “black” (blackening the face being a simple form of disguise); another development of the same base is early Medieval Latin masca witch, ghost (also, mask); see mascot
Related forms
masklike, adjective
Can be confused
mask, masque, mosque.
Synonyms
20. veil, screen, cloak, cover.

masque

or mask

[mask, mahsk] /mæsk, mɑsk/
noun
1.
a form of aristocratic entertainment in England in the 16th and 17th centuries, originally consisting of pantomime and dancing but later including dialogue and song, presented in elaborate productions given by amateur and professional actors.
2.
a dramatic composition for such entertainment.
3.
a masquerade; masked ball; revel.
4.
mask (def 14).
Origin
1505-15; < Middle French; see mask
Can be confused
mask, masque, mosque.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for mask
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But woe to him who doesn't know how to wear his mask, be he king or Pope!

    Three Plays Luigi Pirandello
  • Even for Mammon's sake Mr. Raymount was not the man to hide or mask his opinions.

    Weighed and Wanting George MacDonald
  • We forget that personality once meant, not the soul, but the soul's mask.

    Instigations Ezra Pound
  • The doctor approved of the "mask of butter," which was changed every two hours.

    My Double Life Sarah Bernhardt
  • But he had not any such message for Daddy Joe, and felt trivial in his mask.

    The Debatable Land Arthur Colton
British Dictionary definitions for mask

mask

/mɑːsk/
noun
1.
any covering for the whole or a part of the face worn for amusement, protection, disguise, etc
2.
a fact, action, etc, that conceals something: his talk was a mask for his ignorance
3.
another name for masquerade
4.
a likeness of a face or head, either sculpted or moulded, such as a death mask
5.
an image of a face worn by an actor, esp in ancient Greek and Roman drama, in order to symbolize the character being portrayed
6.
a variant spelling of masque
7.
(surgery) a sterile gauze covering for the nose and mouth worn esp during operations to minimize the spread of germs
8.
(sport) a protective covering for the face worn for fencing, ice hockey, etc
9.
a carving in the form of a face or head, used as an ornament
10.
a natural land feature or artificial object which conceals troops, etc, from view
11.
a device placed over the nose and mouth to facilitate or prevent inhalation of a gas
12.
(photog) a shield of paper, paint, etc, placed over an area of unexposed photographic surface to stop light falling on it
13.
(electronics) a thin sheet of material from which a pattern has been cut, placed over a semiconductor chip so that an integrated circuit can be formed on the exposed areas
14.
(computing) a bit pattern which, by convolution with a second pattern in a logical operation, can be used to isolate a specific subset of the second pattern for examination
15.
(entomol) a large prehensile mouthpart (labium) of the dragonfly larva
16.
the face or head of an animal, such as a fox, or the dark coloration of the face of some animals, such as Siamese cats and certain dogs
17.
another word for face pack
18.
(rare) a person wearing a mask
verb
19.
to cover with or put on a mask
20.
(transitive) to conceal; disguise: to mask an odour
21.
(transitive) (photog) to shield a particular area of (an unexposed photographic surface) in order to prevent or reduce the action of light there
22.
(transitive) to shield a particular area of (a surface to be painted) with masking tape
23.
(transitive) to cover (cooked food, esp meat) with a savoury sauce or glaze
24.
a Scottish variant of mash (sense 8)
Derived Forms
masklike, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Italian maschera, ultimately from Arabic maskharah clown, from sakhira mockery

masque

/mɑːsk/
noun
1.
a dramatic entertainment of the 16th to 17th centuries in England, consisting of pantomime, dancing, dialogue, and song, often performed at court
2.
the words and music written for a masque
3.
short for masquerade
Word Origin
C16: variant of mask
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mask
n.

1530s, from Middle French masque "covering to hide or guard the face" (16c.), from Italian maschera, from Medieval Latin masca "mask, specter, nightmare," of uncertain origin, perhaps from Arabic maskharah "buffoon, mockery," from sakhira "be mocked, ridiculed." Or via Provençal mascarar, Catalan mascarar, Old French mascurer "to black (the face)," perhaps from a Germanic source akin to English mesh (q.v.). But cf. Occitan mascara "to blacken, darken," derived from mask- "black," which is held to be from a pre-Indo-European language, and Old Occitan masco "witch," surviving in dialects; in Beziers it means "dark cloud before the rain comes." [See Walther von Wartburg, "Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch: Eine Darstellung galloromanischen sprachschatzes"]. Figurative use by 1570s.

v.

1560s, "take part in a masquerade;" 1570s, "to disguise;" 1580s, "to wear a mask," from mask (n.). Figurative use by 1580s. Extended sense of "to disguise" is attested from 1847. Related: Masked; masking. Masking tape recorded from 1927; so called because it is used to block out certain surfaces before painting.

masque

n.

"masquerade, masked ball," 1510s, from Middle French masque; see mask (n.), with which it was originally identical. It developed a special sense of "amateur theatrical performance" (1560s) in Elizabethan times, when such entertainments (originally performed in masks) were popular among the nobility.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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mask in Medicine

mask (māsk)
n.

  1. A covering for the nose and mouth that is used for inhaling oxygen or an anesthetic.

  2. A covering worn over the nose and mouth, as by a surgeon or dentist, to prevent infection.

  3. A facial bandage.

  4. Something, often a trait, that disguises or conceals.

  5. Any of a various of conditions producing alteration or discoloration of the skin of the face.

  6. An expressionless appearance of the face seen in certain diseases, such as Parkinsonism.

v. masked, mask·ing, masks
  1. To cover with a protective mask.

  2. To cover in order to conceal, protect, or disguise.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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