# median

[mee-dee-uh n] /ˈmi di ən/
noun
1.
Arithmetic, Statistics. the middle number in a given sequence of numbers, taken as the average of the two middle numbers when the sequence has an even number of numbers:
4 is the median of 1, 3, 4, 8, 9.
2.
Geometry. a straight line from a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.
3.
Also called midpoint. a vertical line that divides a histogram into two equal parts.
4.
5.
Statistics. relating to the value in the center of the distribution for an array of data:
the median income of American households.
6.
noting or relating to a plane dividing something into two equal parts, especially one dividing an animal into right and left halves.
7.
situated in or relating to the middle; medial.
Origin of median
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin mediānus in the middle. See medium, -an
Related forms
Can be confused
mean, median.
media, median, medium, mediums.

## Median

[mee-dee-uh n] /ˈmi di ən/
1.
of or relating to Media, the Medes, or their language.
noun
2.
a Mede.
3.
the Iranian language of ancient Media, contemporaneous with Old Persian.
Origin
1595-1605; Medi(a) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for median
Contemporary Examples
• median household income peaked in America in 1999, under Bill Clinton, at \$56,080.

November 5, 2014
• As labor economist Stephen Rose has noted, a husband-and-wife couple between the age of 25 and 62 has a median income of \$70,000.

April 7, 2010
• The median price of a home sold in August 2012 was \$187,400, up 9.5 percent from August 2011.

September 18, 2012
• The median home price in River Oaks, Houston, is \$931,000, according to this Realtor website.

December 3, 2012
• He was shocked, he says, when he discovered that 10 was the median age of those writing him fan mail.

Historical Examples
• A saffron-coloured mantle and a richly embroidered median vest glittered on the person of the venerable Artaphernes.

Lydia Maria Child
• He did not see that his children had been brought up in the median fashion, by women and eunuchs.

Plato
• The hyoid apparatus (fig. 59, C) consists of a median portion, and a pair of cornua.

Sidney H. Reynolds
• median forks: in Orthoptera, refers to the forks of the median vein.

John. B. Smith
• The median improvement of test group over and above control is 400 per cent.

Margaret Cobb Rogers
British Dictionary definitions for median

## median

/ˈmiːdɪən/
1.
of, relating to, situated in, or directed towards the middle
2.
(biology) of or relating to the plane that divides an organism or organ into symmetrical parts
3.
(statistics) of or relating to the median
noun
4.
a middle point, plane, or part
5.
(geometry)
1. a straight line joining one vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side See also centroid
2. a straight line joining the midpoints of the nonparallel sides of a trapezium
6.
(statistics) the middle value in a frequency distribution, below and above which lie values with equal total frequencies
7.
(statistics) the middle number or average of the two middle numbers in an ordered sequence of numbers: 7 is the median of both 1, 7, 31 and 2, 5, 9, l6
8.
(Canadian) Also called (chiefly Brit) central reservation. the strip, often covered with grass, that separates the two sides of a highway
Derived Forms
Word Origin
C16: from Latin mediānus, from medius middle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for median

1590s, from Middle French médian (15c.) and directly from Latin medianus "of the middle," from medius "in the middle" (see medial (adj.)). Originally anatomical, of veins, arteries, nerves. Median strip "strip between lanes of traffic" is from 1954.

n.

"a median part," 1540s, from Latin medianus (see median (adj.)). Meaning "middle number of a series" is from 1883.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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median in Medicine

median me·di·an (mē'dē-ən)

1. Relating to, located in, or extending toward the middle.

2. Of, relating to, or situated in or near the plane that divides a bilaterally symmetrical animal into right and left halves; mesial.

3. Of, relating to, or constituting the middle value in a distribution.

n.
1. A median point, plane, line, or part.

2. The middle value in a distribution, above and below which lie an equal number of values.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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median in Science
 median   (mē'dē-ən)    In a sequence of numbers arranged from smallest to largest: The middle number, when such a sequence has an odd number of values. For example, in the sequence 3, 4, 14, 35, 280, the median is 14. The average of the two middle numbers, when such a sequence has an even number of values. For example, in the sequence 4, 8, 10, 56, the median is 9 (the average of 8 and 10). Compare arithmetic mean, average, mode. A line joining a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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median in Culture

### median definition

The point in a series at which half of the values or units of the series are higher and half lower.

### median definition

In statistics, the middle value of a set of numbers or data points; half the figures will fall below the median and half above. (See average; compare mean and mode.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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### Difficulty index for median

Most English speakers likely know this word

### Word Value for median

9
11
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