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mediant

[mee-dee-uh nt] /ˈmi di ənt/
noun
1.
the third degree of a major or minor musical scale.
Origin
1720-1730
1720-30; < Italian mediante < Late Latin mediant- (stem of mediāns), present participle of mediāre to be in the middle. See medium, -ant
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for mediant

mediant

/ˈmiːdɪənt/
noun
1.
(music)
  1. the third degree of a major or minor scale
  2. (as modifier): a mediant chord
Word Origin
C18: from Italian mediante, from Late Latin mediāre to be in the middle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for mediant
n.

"third note of the diatonic scale," 1753, from Italian mediante, from Late Latin mediantem (nominative medians) "dividing in the middle," present participle of mediare "to be in the middle" (see medial (adj.)). So called from being midway between the tonic and the dominant.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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