meditation

[med-i-tey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act of meditating.
2.
continued or extended thought; reflection; contemplation.
4.
devout religious contemplation or spiritual introspection.

Origin:
1175–1225; < Latin meditātiōn- (stem of meditātiō) a thinking over (see meditate, -ion); replacing Middle English meditacioun < Anglo-French < Latin, as above

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World English Dictionary
meditation (ˌmɛdɪˈteɪʃən)
 
n
1.  the act of meditating; contemplation; reflection
2.  contemplation of spiritual matters, esp as a religious practice

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

meditation
early 13c., "discourse on a subject," from L. meditationem (nom. meditatio), from meditatus, pp. of meditari "to meditate, to think over, consider," frequentative form from PIE base *med- "to measure, limit, consider, advise" (cf. Gk. medesthai "think about," medon "ruler," L. modus "measure, manner,"
modestus "moderate," modernus "modern," mederi "to heal," medicus "physician," Skt. midiur "I judge, estimate," Welsh meddwl "mind, thinking," Goth. miton, O.E. metan "to measure"). Meaning "act of meditating, continuous calm thought upon some subject" is from late 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We are looking at whether or not telomerase changes after a three-month program
  of meditation.
Instead, it offers a meditation on mankind's addiction to state violence.
Regular meditation may increase smarts and stave off aging, according to an
  ongoing study.
Linear time disappears in favor of a poetic meditation upon the object, and
  within it, a curious juxtaposition of imagery.
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