a person whose physical characteristics are considered typical of the peoples native to or inhabiting the Mediterranean area.
the, Informal. the islands and countries of the Mediterranean Sea collectively.
pertaining to, situated on or near, or dwelling about the Mediterranean Sea.
pertaining to or characteristic of the peoples native to the lands along or near the Mediterranean Sea.
surrounded or nearly surrounded by land.

1585–95; < Latin mediterrāne(us) midland, inland (see medium, terra, -an, -eous) + -an

non-Mediterranean, noun, adjective
trans-Mediterranean, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Mediterranean (ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪnɪən)
1.  short for the Mediterranean Sea
2.  a native or inhabitant of a Mediterranean country
3.  of, relating to, situated or dwelling on or near the Mediterranean Sea
4.  denoting a postulated subdivision of the Caucasoid race, characterized by slender build and dark complexion
5.  meteorol (of a climate) characterized by hot summers and relatively warm winters when most of the annual rainfall occurs
6.  obsolete (often not capital) situated in the middle of a landmass; inland
[C16: from Latin mediterrāneus, from medius middle + -terrāneus, from terra land, earth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1400, from L.L. Mediterraneum mare "Mediterranean Sea" (7c.), from L. mediterraneus "midland;" original sense being of "sea in the middle of the earth," from medius "middle" (see medial) + terra "land, earth" (see terrain). The O.E. name was
Wendel-sæ, so called for the Vandals, Gmc. tribe that settled on the southwest coast of it after the fall of Rome.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for mediterranean
During the summer he took another telegraph cruise in the mediterranean.
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