follow Dictionary.com

How Well Do You Know English Slang?

melioidosis

[mel-ee-oi-doh-sis] /ˌmɛl i ɔɪˈdoʊ sɪs/
noun, Pathology
1.
a contagious pulmonary disease of rodents that is caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas pseudomallei and is frequently transmitted to humans in moist climates of southeastern Asia.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25; < Greek mēlí(s) glanders, or a similar distemper affecting asses + -oid + -osis
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples for melioidosis
  • When a melioidosis infection is diagnosed, the disease can be treated with the use of appropriate medication.
melioidosis in Medicine

melioidosis mel·i·oi·do·sis (měl'ē-oi-dō'sĭs)
n.
An infectious disease, primarily affecting rodents in India and Southeast Asia but also communicable to humans, that is caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas pseudomallei; it produces a characteristic caseous nodule that breaks down into an abscess.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Article for melioidosis

a bacterial infection in humans and animals caused by Pseudomonas pseudomallei. Transmission to humans occurs through contact of a skin abrasion with contaminated water or soil rather than through direct contact with a contaminated animal. Inhalation of the pathogen also is suspected as a route of infection. The term melioidosis, from the Greek, means "a similarity to distemper of asses." Mostly observed in humans in Southeast Asia, the disease may be acute or chronic. Acute melioidosis, which can be fatal, is characterized by fever, chills, cough, bloody and purulent sputum, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Physical examination may reveal signs of lung inflammation and pus formation, jaundice, and enlargement of the liver and spleen. Chronic melioidosis may follow the acute phase of the disease or may sometimes develop without it. It is associated with inflammation of the bones and lymph nodes and with the formation of abscesses beneath the skin and inside the lungs and abdominal organs. The diagnosis of melioidosis is established by the isolation of Pseudomonas pseudomallei in the sputum, blood, urine, or pus. Long-term treatment with sulfonamides or antibiotics is usually successful, along with surgical drainage of abscesses.

Learn more about melioidosis with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for melioidosis

Few English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for melioidosis

0
0
Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for melioidosis