melt

1 [melt]
verb (used without object), melted, melted or molten, melting.
1.
to become liquefied by warmth or heat, as ice, snow, butter, or metal.
2.
to become liquid; dissolve: Let the cough drop melt in your mouth.
3.
to pass, dwindle, or fade gradually (often followed by away ): His fortune slowly melted away.
4.
to pass, change, or blend gradually (often followed by into ): Night melted into day.
5.
to become softened in feeling by pity, sympathy, love, or the like: The tyrant's heart would not melt.
6.
Obsolete. to be subdued or overwhelmed by sorrow, dismay, etc.
verb (used with object), melted, melted or molten, melting.
7.
to reduce to a liquid state by warmth or heat; fuse: Fire melts ice.
8.
to cause to pass away or fade.
9.
to cause to pass, change, or blend gradually.
10.
to soften in feeling, as a person or the heart.
noun
11.
the act or process of melting; state of being melted.
12.
something that is melted.
13.
a quantity melted at one time.
14.
a sandwich or other dish topped with melted cheese: a tuna melt.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English melten, Old English meltan (intransitive), m(i)elten (transitive) to melt, digest; cognate with Old Norse melta to digest, Greek méldein to melt

meltable, adjective
meltability, noun
meltingly, adverb
meltingness, noun
nonmeltable, adjective
nonmelting, adjective
unmeltable, adjective
unmelted, adjective
unmelting, adjective



1. Melt, dissolve, fuse, thaw imply reducing a solid substance to a liquid state. To melt is to bring a solid to a liquid condition by the agency of heat: to melt butter. Dissolve though sometimes used interchangeably with melt applies to a different process, depending upon the fact that certain solids, placed in certain liquids, distribute their particles throughout the liquids: A greater number of solids can be dissolved in water and in alcohol than in any other liquids. To fuse is to subject a solid (usually a metal) to a very high temperature; it applies especially to melting or blending metals together: Bell metal is made by fusing copper and tin. To thaw is to restore a frozen substance to its normal (liquid, semiliquid, or more soft and pliable) state by raising its temperature above the freezing point: Sunshine will thaw ice in a lake. 4. dwindle. 10. gentle, mollify, relax.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
melt (mɛlt)
 
vb , melts, melting, melted, melted, molten
1.  to liquefy (a solid) or (of a solid) to become liquefied, as a result of the action of heat
2.  to become or make liquid; dissolve: cakes that melt in the mouth
3.  (often foll by away) to disappear; fade
4.  (foll by down) to melt (metal scrap) for reuse
5.  (often foll by into) to blend or cause to blend gradually
6.  to make or become emotional or sentimental; soften
 
n
7.  the act or process of melting
8.  something melted or an amount melted
 
[Old English meltan to digest; related to Old Norse melta to malt (beer), digest, Greek meldein to melt]
 
'meltable
 
adj
 
melta'bility
 
n
 
'melter
 
n
 
'meltingly
 
adv
 
'meltingness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

melt
O.E. meltan "become liquid" (class III strong verb; past tense mealt, pp. molten), from P.Gmc. *meltanan; fused with O.E. gemæltan (Anglian), gemyltan (W.Saxon) "make liquid," from P.Gmc. *gamaltijanan (cf. O.N. melta "to digest"), both from PIE *meld- "softness" (cf. Gk. meldein "to melt," L.
mollis "soft, mild"). Related: Melted; melting. Melting pot is from 1540s; figurative use from 1855; popularized with reference to America by play "The Melting Pot" by Israel Zangwill (1908).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
melt   (mělt)  Pronunciation Key 
To change from a solid to a liquid state by heating or being heated with sufficient energy at the melting point. See also heat of fusion.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

melting

change of a solid into a liquid when heat is applied. In a pure crystalline solid, this process occurs at a fixed temperature called the melting point (q.v.); an impure solid generally melts over a range of temperatures below the melting point of the principal component. Amorphous (non-crystalline) substances such as glass or pitch melt by gradually decreasing in viscosity as temperature is raised, with no sharp transition from solid to liquid

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Glaciers are melting and they think that's, well, cool.
Once melting begins, more heat pours in and ever faster melting results.
Warmer temperatures are melting ice and eroding the world's glaciers.
Due to climate change substantial amounts of offshore sea ice are melting.
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