matting

1 [mat-ing]
noun
1.
a coarse fabric of rushes, grass, straw, hemp, or the like, used for floor covering, wrapping material, etc.
2.
material for mats.
3.
mats collectively.
4.
the making of mats.

Origin:
1675–85; mat1 + -ing1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

matting

2 [mat-ing]
noun
a dull, slightly roughened surface, free from polish, produced by the use of a matte.

Origin:
1680–90; matte1 + -ing1

mat

1 [mat]
noun
1.
a piece of fabric made of plaited or woven rushes, straw, hemp, or similar fiber, or of some other pliant material, as rubber, used as a protective covering on a floor or other surface, to wipe the shoes on, etc.
2.
a smaller piece of material, often ornamental, set under a dish of food, a lamp, vase, etc.
3.
Sports.
a.
the padded canvas covering the entire floor of a wrestling ring, for protecting the contestants from injury when thrown.
b.
a thick pad placed on the floor for the protection of tumblers and others engaged in gymnastic sports.
4.
a thickly growing or thick and tangled mass, as of hair or weeds.
5.
a sack made of matting, as for coffee or sugar.
6.
a slablike footing of concrete, especially one for an entire building.
7.
a heavy mesh reinforcement for a concrete slab.
verb (used with object), matted, matting.
8.
to cover with or as if with mats or matting.
9.
to form into a mat, as by interweaving.
verb (used without object), matted, matting.
10.
to become entangled; form tangled masses.
Idioms
11.
go to the mat, to contend or struggle in a determined or unyielding way: The president is going to the mat with Congress over the proposed budget cuts.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English, Old English matte < Late Latin matta mat of rushes < Semitic; compare Hebrew mittāh bed

matless, adjective

matt

[mat]
adjective, noun, verb (used with object)

matte

1 [mat]
adjective
1.
having a dull or lusterless surface: matte paint; a matte complexion; a photograph with a matte finish.
noun
2.
a dull or dead surface, often slightly roughened, as on metals, paint, paper, or glass.
3.
a tool for producing such a surface.
4.
Metallurgy. an unfinished metallic product of the smelting of certain sulfide ores, especially those of copper.
5.
Movies. matte shot.
verb (used with object), matted, matting.
6.
to finish with a matte surface.
Also, mat, matt.


Origin:
1640–50; < French mat (masculine), matte (feminine), Old French < Late Latin mattus moist, soft, weak, perhaps < *maditus, derivative of Latin madēre to be wet

mat

2 [mat]
noun
1.
a piece of cardboard or other material placed over or under a drawing, painting, photograph, etc., to serve as a frame or provide a border between the picture and the frame.
verb (used with object), matted, matting.
2.
to provide (a picture) with a mat.

Origin:
1835–40; apparently mat1, influenced by matte1

mat

3 [mat]
adjective, noun, verb, matted, matting.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
mat1 (mæt)
 
n
1.  a thick flat piece of fabric used as a floor covering, a place to wipe one's shoes, etc
2.  a smaller pad of material used to protect a surface from the heat, scratches, etc, of an object placed upon it
3.  a large piece of thick padded material put on the floor as a surface for wrestling, judo, or gymnastic sports
4.  (NZ) a Māori cloak
5.  (NZ) go back to the mat to abandon urban civilization
6.  any surface or mass that is densely interwoven or tangled: a mat of grass and weeds
7.  the solid part of a lace design
8.  a.  a heavy net of cable or rope laid over a blasting site to prevent the scatter of debris
 b.  a heavy mesh of reinforcement in a concrete slab
 c.  (esp US) a steel or concrete raft serving as a footing to support a post
9.  civil engineering short for mattress
 
vb , mats, matting, matted
10.  to tangle or weave or become tangled or woven into a dense mass
11.  (tr) to cover with a mat or mats
 
[Old English matte; related to Old High German matta]
 
'matless1
 
adj

mat2 (mæt)
 
n
1.  a border of cardboard, cloth, etc, placed around a picture to act as a frame or as a contrast between picture and frame
2.  a surface, as on metal or paint
 
adj
3.  having a dull, lustreless, or roughened surface
 
vb , mats, matting, matted
4.  to furnish (a picture) with a mat
5.  to give (a surface) a mat finish
 
[C17: from French, literally: dead; see checkmate]

mat3 (mæt)
 
n
informal printing short for matrix

matt or matte (mæt)
 
adj, —n, —vb
mat mat variant spellings of mat
 
matte or matte
 
adj, —n, —vb

matte1 (mæt)
 
n
an impure fused material consisting of metal sulphides produced during the smelting of a sulphide ore
 
[C19: from French]

matte2 (mæt)
 
n
films, television a mask used to blank out part of an image so that another image can be superimposed

matting1 (ˈmætɪŋ)
 
n
1.  a coarsely woven fabric, usually made of a natural fibre such as straw or hemp and used as a floor covering, packing material, etc
2.  the act or process of making mats
3.  material for mats

matting2 (ˈmætɪŋ)
 
n
1.  another word for mat
2.  the process of producing a mat finish

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mat
O.E. matte, from L.L. matta "mat made of rushes" (4c.), probably from Punic or Phoenician (cf. Heb. mittah "bed, couch"). Meaning "piece of padded flooring used in gymnastics or wrestling" is attested from 1903.

matte
1648, "lusterless," from Fr. mat "dull, dead surface," from O.Fr. mat "beaten down, withered," probably from L. mattus "maudlin with drink," from madere "to be wet or sodden, be drunk," from PIE base *mad- "to be wet, drip" (see mastectomy). Noun sense "backing for a
picture" is an 1845 borrowing from Fr.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
MAT
Master of Arts in Teaching
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Various vultures have featherless necks, presumably to stop the blood and gore from their meals matting their plumage.
Matting should be done by an experienced framer or under the direction of a trained conservator.
The manufacturing of paper involves matting these fibers into a sheet.
These slopes are a mix of topsoil and bedrock and cannot be easily stabilized by matting.
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