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matting1

[mat-ing] /ˈmæt ɪŋ/
noun
1.
a coarse fabric of rushes, grass, straw, hemp, or the like, used for floor covering, wrapping material, etc.
2.
material for mats.
3.
mats collectively.
4.
the making of mats.
Origin
1675-1685
1675-85; mat1 + -ing1

matting2

[mat-ing] /ˈmæt ɪŋ/
noun
1.
a dull, slightly roughened surface, free from polish, produced by the use of a matte.
Origin
1680-90; matte1 + -ing1

mat1

[mat] /mæt/
noun
1.
a piece of fabric made of plaited or woven rushes, straw, hemp, or similar fiber, or of some other pliant material, as rubber, used as a protective covering on a floor or other surface, to wipe the shoes on, etc.
2.
a smaller piece of material, often ornamental, set under a dish of food, a lamp, vase, etc.
3.
Sports.
  1. the padded canvas covering the entire floor of a wrestling ring, for protecting the contestants from injury when thrown.
  2. a thick pad placed on the floor for the protection of tumblers and others engaged in gymnastic sports.
4.
a thickly growing or thick and tangled mass, as of hair or weeds.
5.
a sack made of matting, as for coffee or sugar.
6.
a slablike footing of concrete, especially one for an entire building.
7.
a heavy mesh reinforcement for a concrete slab.
verb (used with object), matted, matting.
8.
to cover with or as if with mats or matting.
9.
to form into a mat, as by interweaving.
verb (used without object), matted, matting.
10.
to become entangled; form tangled masses.
Idioms
11.
go to the mat, to contend or struggle in a determined or unyielding way:
The president is going to the mat with Congress over the proposed budget cuts.
Origin
before 900; Middle English, Old English matte < Late Latin matta mat of rushes < Semitic; compare Hebrew mittāh bed
Related forms
matless, adjective

matt

[mat] /mæt/
adjective, noun, verb (used with object)
1.
matte1 .

matte1

[mat] /mæt/
adjective
1.
having a dull or lusterless surface:
matte paint; a matte complexion; a photograph with a matte finish.
noun
2.
a dull or dead surface, often slightly roughened, as on metals, paint, paper, or glass.
3.
a tool for producing such a surface.
4.
Metallurgy. an unfinished metallic product of the smelting of certain sulfide ores, especially those of copper.
5.
Movies. matte shot.
verb (used with object), matted, matting.
6.
to finish with a matte surface.
Also, mat, matt.
Origin
1640-50; < French mat (masculine), matte (feminine), Old French < Late Latin mattus moist, soft, weak, perhaps < *maditus, derivative of Latin madēre to be wet

mat2

[mat] /mæt/
noun
1.
a piece of cardboard or other material placed over or under a drawing, painting, photograph, etc., to serve as a frame or provide a border between the picture and the frame.
verb (used with object), matted, matting.
2.
to provide (a picture) with a mat.
Origin
1835-40; apparently mat1, influenced by matte1

mat3

[mat] /mæt/
adjective, noun, verb, matted, matting.
1.
matte1 .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for matting
  • Various vultures have featherless necks, presumably to stop the blood and gore from their meals matting their plumage.
  • The sluice is lined with heavy synthetic matting, similar to indoor-outdoor carpet.
  • In the summer, special plastic matting is used for a track.
  • Fabric matting is difficult to apply on rocky ground.
  • Where bare areas are not immediately revegetated, mulching or jute matting can provide temporary protection for slopes.
  • matting should be done by an experienced framer or under the direction of a trained conservator.
  • Provide non-slip matting in areas that tend to be wet.
  • The manufacturing of paper involves matting these fibers into a sheet.
  • Use any non-slip matting provided for floors and keep mats clean and in place.
  • These slopes are a mix of topsoil and bedrock and cannot be easily stabilized by matting.
British Dictionary definitions for matting

matting1

/ˈmætɪŋ/
noun
1.
a coarsely woven fabric, usually made of a natural fibre such as straw or hemp and used as a floor covering, packing material, etc
2.
the act or process of making mats
3.
material for mats

matting2

/ˈmætɪŋ/
noun
1.
another word for mat2 (sense 1)
2.
the process of producing a mat finish

mat1

/mæt/
noun
1.
a thick flat piece of fabric used as a floor covering, a place to wipe one's shoes, etc
2.
a smaller pad of material used to protect a surface from the heat, scratches, etc, of an object placed upon it
3.
a large piece of thick padded material put on the floor as a surface for wrestling, judo, or gymnastic sports
4.
(NZ) a Māori cloak
5.
(NZ) go back to the mat, to abandon urban civilization
6.
any surface or mass that is densely interwoven or tangled: a mat of grass and weeds
7.
the solid part of a lace design
8.
  1. a heavy net of cable or rope laid over a blasting site to prevent the scatter of debris
  2. a heavy mesh of reinforcement in a concrete slab
  3. (esp US) a steel or concrete raft serving as a footing to support a post
9.
(civil engineering) short for mattress (sense 3)
verb mats, matting, matted
10.
to tangle or weave or become tangled or woven into a dense mass
11.
(transitive) to cover with a mat or mats
Derived Forms
matless, adjective
Word Origin
Old English matte; related to Old High German matta

mat2

/mæt/
noun
1.
a border of cardboard, cloth, etc, placed around a picture to act as a frame or as a contrast between picture and frame
2.
a surface, as on metal or paint
adjective
3.
having a dull, lustreless, or roughened surface
verb (transitive) mats, matting, matted
4.
to furnish (a picture) with a mat
5.
to give (a surface) a mat finish
Also (for senses 2, 4) matt
Word Origin
C17: from French, literally: dead; see checkmate

mat3

/mæt/
noun
1.
(printing, informal) short for matrix (sense 5)

matt

/mæt/
adjective, noun, verb
1.
variant spellings of mat2 (sense 2), mat1 (sense 3), mat2 (sense 5)

matte1

/mæt/
noun
1.
an impure fused material consisting of metal sulphides produced during the smelting of a sulphide ore
Word Origin
C19: from French

matte2

/mæt/
noun
1.
(films, television) a mask used to blank out part of an image so that another image can be superimposed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for matting
n.

"process of making mats," 1720, from mat (n.1). Meaning "coarse fabric for mats" is from 1748.

"ornamental border of a picture," 1864 from verbal derivative of mat (n.2).

mat

n.

loosely joined natural materials used as bedding, etc., Old English matte, from Late Latin matta "mat made of rushes" (4c.), probably from Punic or Phoenician matta (cf. Hebrew mittah "bed, couch"). Meaning "tangled mass" is from 1835. That of "piece of padded flooring used in gymnastics or wrestling" is attested from 1892; hence figurative phrase go to the mat "do battle" (1910). The Latin word also is the source of German Matte, matze; Dutch mat, Italian matta. French natte "mat, matting" is from Late Latin secondary form natta (cf. napkin).

"sheet of backing material," 1845, from French mat "dull surface or finish" (15c.), noun use of Old French mat (adj.); see mat (adj.).

adj.

1640s, "lusterless, dull" (of a color or surface), from French mat "dull, dead surface," from Old French mat "beaten down, withered, afflicted, dejected; dull," which is perhaps from Latin mattus "maudlin with drink," from madere "to be wet or sodden, be drunk," from PIE root *mad- "to be wet, drip" (see mast (n.2)). Or the French word might represent a transferred use from chess of mater "to checkmate, defeat," from Arabic (see mate (v.2)).

v.

early 15c., "to make mats," from mat (n.1). From 1540s as "to provide with mats, to cover with mats;" meaning "to become tangled" is from 1570s. Related: Matted; matting.

matte

n.

variant of mat (n.2).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for matting

mat

noun

The floor; deck (1950s+ Navy)

Related Terms

go to the mat, on the mat


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Related Abbreviations for matting

MAT

Master of Arts in Teaching
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with matting
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for matting

matte

crude mixture of molten sulfides formed as an intermediate product of the smelting of sulfide ores of metals, especially copper, nickel, and lead. Instead of being smelted directly to metal, copper ores are usually smelted to matte, preferably containing 40-45 percent copper along with iron and sulfur, which is then treated by converting in a Bessemer-type converter. Air is blown into the molten matte, oxidizing the sulfur to sulfur dioxide and the iron to oxide that combines with a silica flux to form slag, leaving the copper in the metallic state. Smelting of nickel sulfide ores yields a matte in which nickel and copper make up about 15 percent, iron about 50 percent, and sulfur the rest; the iron is removed in a converting furnace, and the sulfides of copper and nickel are separated before being reduced to the metals. Smelting of lead sulfide ores produces a liquid layer of copper sulfide matte that can be decanted, along with slag and speiss, from the lead bullion.

Learn more about matte with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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