One commenter already mentioned mens rea, but the authors of the article did not, in the portion of the article on the website.
Everything about his demeanor projected no mens rea-no sense that he had done anything wrong.
However, where the required mens rea may not be determined from the statute, moral turpitude does not inhere.
He appeals only the attempted battery conviction, contending that the trial court wrongly instructed the jury on mens rea.
British Dictionary definitions for mens rea
(law) a criminal intention or knowledge that an act is wrong. It is assumed to be an ingredient of all criminal offences although some minor statutory offences are punishable irrespective of it Compare actus reus