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meristem

[mer-uh-stem] /ˈmɛr əˌstɛm/
noun, Botany
1.
embryonic tissue in plants; undifferentiated, growing, actively dividing cells.
Origin
1870-1875
1870-75; < Greek merist(ós) divided, distributed (equivalent to *merid-, stem of merízein to divide into parts (derivative of méris part, share) + -tos verbal adjective suffix) + -em < Greek -ēma termination of nouns denoting result of action; cf. -eme
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for meristem
  • This meristem is responsible for the linear growth of an organ.
British Dictionary definitions for meristem

meristem

/ˈmɛrɪˌstɛm/
noun
1.
a plant tissue responsible for growth, whose cells divide and differentiate to form the tissues and organs of the plant. Meristems occur within the stem (see cambium) and leaves and at the tips of stems and roots
Derived Forms
meristematic (ˌmɛrɪstɪˈmætɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: from Greek meristos divided, from merizein to divide, from meris portion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for meristem
n.

"growing cellular tissues of plants," 1862, formed irregularly from Greek meristos "divided, divisible" (from merizein "to divide, distribute," from meros "a part, a share;" see merit (n.)) + ending from xylem, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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meristem in Science
meristem
  (měr'ĭ-stěm')   
Plant tissue whose cells actively divide to form new tissues that cause the plant to grow. The originally undifferentiated cells of the meristem can produce specialized cells to form the tissues of roots, leaves, and other plant parts. The meristem includes the growing tips of roots and stems (the apical meristems) and the tissue layer known as cambium.

meristematic adjective (měr'ĭ-stə-māt'ĭk)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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meristem in Culture
meristem [(mer-i-stem)]

The region on a plant where division of cells (and hence growth) occurs. Usually, meristems are found in the shoots and root tips, and places where branches meet the stem. In trees, growth occurs in the cambium — the layer just beneath the bark.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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