The grandes écoles, the most influential schools, are meant to train a meritocratic elite, and have rigid admission standards.
The biggest problem with meritocratic thinking is its obsession with who has earned what.
But it was first and foremost an attempt to wake up America from the torpor of the daily grind under its meritocratic overlords.
A government or society in which citizens who display superior achievement are rewarded with positions of leadership. In a meritocracy, all citizens have the opportunity to be recognized and advanced in proportion to their abilities and accomplishments. The ideal of meritocracy has become controversial because of its association with the use of tests of intellectual ability, such as the Scholastic Aptitude Test, to regulate admissions to elite colleges and universities. Many contend that an individual's performance on these tests reflects his or her social class and family environment more than ability.