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merry

[mer-ee] /ˈmɛr i/
adjective, merrier, merriest.
1.
full of cheerfulness or gaiety; joyous in disposition or spirit:
a merry little man.
2.
laughingly happy; mirthful; festively joyous; hilarious:
a merry time at the party.
3.
Archaic. causing happiness; pleasant; delightful.
Idioms
4.
make merry,
  1. to be happy or festive:
    The New Year's revelers were making merry in the ballroom.
  2. to make fun of; ridicule:
    The unthinking children made merry of the boy who had no shoes.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English meri(e), myrie, murie, Old English myr(i)ge, mer(i)ge pleasant, delightful
Related forms
merrily, adverb
merriness, noun
overmerrily, adverb
overmerriness, noun
overmerry, adjective
unmerrily, adverb
unmerry, adjective
Can be confused
marry, Mary, merry.
Synonyms
1. happy, blithe, blithesome, frolicsome, cheery, glad. See gay. 2. jolly, jovial, gleeful.
Antonyms
1. sad. 2. solemn.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for merriness

merry

/ˈmɛrɪ/
adjective -rier, -riest
1.
cheerful; jolly
2.
very funny; hilarious
3.
(Brit, informal) slightly drunk
4.
(archaic) delightful
5.
make merry, to revel; be festive
6.
(informal) play merry hell with, to disturb greatly; disrupt
Derived Forms
merrily, adverb
merriness, noun
Word Origin
Old English merige agreeable
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for merriness

merry

adj.

Old English myrge "pleasing, agreeable, pleasant, sweet; pleasantly, melodiously," from Proto-Germanic *murgijaz, which probably originally meant "short-lasting," (cf. Old High German murg "short," Gothic gamaurgjan "to shorten"), from PIE *mreghu- "short" (see brief (adj.)). The only exact cognate for meaning outside English was Middle Dutch mergelijc "joyful."

Connection to "pleasure" is likely via notion of "making time fly, that which makes the time seem to pass quickly" (cf. German Kurzweil "pastime," literally "a short time;" Old Norse skemta "to amuse, entertain, amuse oneself," from skamt, neuter of skammr "short"). There also was a verbal form in Old English, myrgan "be merry, rejoice." For vowel evolution, see bury (v.).

Bot vchon enle we wolde were fyf, þe mo þe myryer. [c.1300]
The word had much wider senses in Middle English, e.g. "pleasant-sounding" (of animal voices), "fine" (of weather), "handsome" (of dress), "pleasant-tasting" (of herbs). Merry-bout "an incident of sexual intercourse" was low slang from 1780. Merry-begot "illegitimate" (adj.), "bastard" (n.) is from 1785. Merrie England (now frequently satirical or ironic) is 14c. meri ingland, originally in a broader sense of "bountiful, prosperous." Merry Monday was a 16c. term for "the Monday before Shrove Tuesday" (Mardi Gras).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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