metropolis

[mi-trop-uh-lis]
noun, plural metropolises.
1.
any large, busy city.
2.
the chief, and sometimes capital, city of a country, state, or region.
3.
a central or principal place, as of some activity: the music metropolis of France.
4.
the mother city or parent state of a colony, especially of an ancient Greek colony.
5.
the chief see of an ecclesiastical province.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin mētropolis < Greek mētrópolis a mother state or city, equivalent to mētro-, combining form of mḗtēr mother + pólis -polis, polis

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Collins
World English Dictionary
metropolis (mɪˈtrɒpəlɪs)
 
n , pl -lises
1.  the main city, esp of a country or region; capital
2.  a centre of activity
3.  the chief see in an ecclesiastical province
 
[C16: from Late Latin from Greek: mother city or state, from mētēr mother + polis city]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

metropolis
"seat of a metropolitan bishop," 1530s, see metropolitan. Meaning "chief town or capital city of a province" is first attested 1580s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

metropolis

a major city together with its suburbs and nearby cities, towns, and environs over which the major city exercises a commanding economic and social influence. Literally construed, metropolis from the Greek means "mother city," and by implication there are progeny or dependents scattered about the core area. Sometimes there may be two or more major cities, as in the Tokyo-Yokohama Metropolitan Area (Japan) or an agglomeration of metropolitan boroughs as in Greater London (England). The U.S. Census employs a unit called a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) which includes either (1) a city with a population of at least 50,000 or (2) an urbanized area of at least 50,000 population with a total metropolitan population of at least 100,000 (75,000 in New England). An urbanized area is defined as having a population of at least 50,000, and a population density of at least 1,000 per square mile.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Not bad-but in the same period the sprawling metropolis outside the city proper
  grew by well over a million.
It is a metropolis with the lazy charm of the countryside.
Vertical farms propose to feed the growing ranks of urban dwellers from within
  the bounds of each metropolis.
But everyone knows that the metropolis of tomorrow has its eyes fixed skyward.
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