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[mahy-kroh-suh-fal-ik] /ˌmaɪ kroʊ səˈfæl ɪk/
adjective, Cephalometry, Pathology
having a head with a small braincase.
Also, microcephalous
[mahy-kroh-sef-uh-luh s] /ˌmaɪ kroʊˈsɛf ə ləs/ (Show IPA)
Origin of microcephalic
1855-60; < New Latin microcephalicus. See micro-, cephalic
Related forms
microcephaly, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for microcephaly
  • When these genes malfunction, the result is a condition called primary microcephaly, in which brain size is severely diminished.
  • Consider microcephaly, an autosomal recessive disease.
British Dictionary definitions for microcephaly


the condition of having an abnormally small head or cranial capacity Compare megacephaly
Derived Forms
microcephalic (ˌmaɪkrəʊsɪˈfælɪk) adjective, noun
microcephalous, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for microcephaly



"small-headed," 1845, from French microcéphalique, from Modern Latin microcephalus, from Greek mikros "small" (see mica) + kephale "head" (see cephalo-). Related: Microcephalism; microcephalous (1840); microcephaly (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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microcephaly in Medicine

microcephaly mi·cro·ceph·a·ly (mī'krō-sěf'ə-lē)
Abnormal smallness of the head. Also called nanocephaly.

mi'cro·ce·phal'ic (-sə-fāl'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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