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micrometer1

or (especially British) micrometre

[mahy-krom-i-ter] /maɪˈkrɒm ɪ tər/
noun
1.
any of various devices for measuring minute distances, angles, etc., as in connection with a telescope or microscope.
2.
Also called mike. micrometer caliper. a precision instrument with a spindle moved by a finely threaded screw, for the measurement of thicknesses and short lengths, commonly used by machinists for turning shafts or boring holes.
Origin of micrometer1
1660-1670
1660-70; micro- + -meter
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for micrometre

micrometre

/ˈmaɪkrəʊˌmiːtə/
noun
1.
a unit of length equal to 10–6 metre μm Former name micron

micrometer

/maɪˈkrɒmɪtə/
noun
1.
any of various instruments or devices for the accurate measurement of distances or angles
2.
Also called micrometer gauge, micrometer calliper. a type of gauge for the accurate measurement of small distances, thicknesses, diameters, etc. The gap between its measuring faces is adjusted by a fine screw, the rotation of the screw giving a sensitive measure of the distance moved by the face
Derived Forms
micrometry, noun
micrometric (ˌmaɪkrəʊˈmɛtrɪk), micrometrical, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for micrometre

micrometer

n.

1660s, from micro- + -meter. Originally a telescope attachment; from 1884 as a craftsman's fine measuring tool. Related: Micrometry; micrometric.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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micrometre in Medicine

micrometer mi·crom·e·ter1 (mī-krŏm'ĭ-tər)
n.
A device for measuring very small distances, objects, or angles, especially one based on the rotation of a finely threaded screw, as in relation to a microscope.

micrometer mi·cro·me·ter2 (mī'krō-mē'tər)
n.

Abbr. μm A unit of length equal to one thousandth (10-3) of a millimeter or one millionth (10-6) of a meter. Also called micron.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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micrometre in Science
micrometer 1
  (mī-krŏm'ĭ-tər)   
A device for measuring very small distances, angles, or objects, especially one based on the rotation of a finely threaded screw, as in relation to a microscope.
micrometer 2
  (mī'krō-mē'tər)   
A unit of length in the metric system equal to one millionth (10-6) of a meter. Also called micron.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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micrometre in Technology

unit
(Or "micron") One millionth of a metre. The symbol is a Greek letter mu followed by "m".
Features on modern integrated circuits are typically measured in microns. The smallest features in 1999 are around 0.1 microns across.
(1999-09-28)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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