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[mahy-greyn or, British, mee-] /ˈmaɪ greɪn or, British, ˈmi-/
an extremely severe paroxysmal headache, usually confined to one side of the head and often associated with nausea; hemicrania.
Origin of migraine
1325-75; Middle English < Middle French < Late Latin hēmicrānia hemicrania; cf. megrim
Related forms
migrainoid, adjective
migrainous, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for migraine
  • Budgeting, usually a headache endured annually, has become a chronic migraine for many city governments.
  • migraine is an inherited neurological condition characterized by severe, often disabling headache pain.
  • Many primary headaches, particularly migraine or cluster, may closely resemble sinus headache.
  • migraine is more than a headache: it is intensely painful and has distinct phases.
  • migraine headaches-- spots of light, halos, or zigzag patterns are common symptoms prior to the start of the headache.
  • With so much tied to semesters, innovators who adopt open-entry courses may be in for a bureaucratic migraine.
  • Some migraine sufferers may be at an increased risk for brain lesions, according to the results of a new study.
  • People cried that new sorts of light would give them migraine and epileptic fits.
  • So after the night of drunken stupor comes the pain of the following morning's migraine.
  • Anyone who has experienced a migraine knows how debilitating the pain can be.
British Dictionary definitions for migraine


/ˈmiːɡreɪn; ˈmaɪ-/
a throbbing headache usually affecting only one side of the head and commonly accompanied by nausea and visual disturbances
Derived Forms
migrainous, adjective
Word Origin
C18: (earlier form, C14 mygramemegrim1): from French, from Late Latin hēmicrānia pain in half of the head, from Greek hēmikrania, from hemi- + kranioncranium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for migraine

late 14c., megrim, from Old French migraigne (13c.), from vulgar pronunciation of Late Latin hemicrania "pain in one side of the head, headache," from Greek hemikrania, from hemi- "half" + kranion "skull" (see cranium). The Middle English form was re-spelled 1777 on the French model. Related: Migrainous.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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migraine in Medicine

migraine mi·graine (mī'grān')
A severe recurring headache, usually affecting only one side of the head, that is characterized by sharp pain and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances. Also called hemicrania, megrim, sick headache.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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migraine in Science
A severe recurring headache, usually affecting only one side of the head, that is characterized by sharp, throbbing pain and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, and visual disturbances. Vasodilation in the brain causes inflammation that results in pain, but the exact cause of migraine is unknown.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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