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millennium

[mi-len-ee-uh m] /mɪˈlɛn i əm/
noun, plural millenniums, millennia
[mi-len-ee-uh] /mɪˈlɛn i ə/ (Show IPA)
1.
a period of 1000 years.
2.
the millennium, the period of a thousand years during which Christ will reign on earth. Rev. 20:1–7.
3.
a period of general righteousness and happiness, especially in the indefinite future.
4.
a thousandth anniversary.
Origin
1630-1640
1630-40; < Neo-Latin, equivalent to Latin mill(e) a thousand + -ennium, extracted from biennium, triennium, etc.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for millennia
  • Humans had been knocking out beads here and there for millennia years before the shell necklaces in question were made.
  • Humanity for millennia has chosen to live in cities.
  • Since their capture millennia ago, the microbes seem to have been completely isolated.
  • Over the course of the next few millennia a host of indigenous large-bodied mammals, such as the mammoth, died out.
  • Some of them must have panned out some of the time, since they've endured for millennia.
  • Stories of human flight have persisted for millennia.
  • Case studies of the dynamics of borderlands across four millennia.
  • Diasporas have been a part of the world for millennia.
  • Solar eclipses have been recorded as important events by humans for millennia.
  • Most demands of life are relatively mundane and change little across the millennia.
British Dictionary definitions for millennia

millennium

/mɪˈlɛnɪəm/
noun (pl) -nia (-nɪə), -niums
1.
(Christianity) the millennium, the period of a thousand years of Christ's awaited reign upon earth
2.
a period or cycle of one thousand years
3.
a time of peace and happiness, esp in the distant future
4.
a thousandth anniversary
Derived Forms
millennial, adjective
millennialist, noun
millennially, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from New Latin, from Latin mille thousand + annus year; for form, compare quadrennium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for millennia
millennium
1630s, from L. mille "thousand" + annus "year" (see annual); formed on analogy of biennium, triennium, etc. First in English in sense of "1,000-year period of Christ's anticipated rule on Earth" (Rev. xx.1-5). Sense of "any 1,000-year period" first recorded 1711.
millennia
plural of millennium.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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millennia in Culture

millennium definition


A period of a thousand years foretold in the Book of Revelation. During the millennium, those who have been faithful to Jesus and who have not worshiped the Antichrist will reign with Jesus over the Earth. According to the Book of Revelation, the millennium will precede the final battle for control of the universe; Judgment Day will come afterward.

Note: The meaning of the Bible's words about the millennium has been much debated by Christians. Prophecies about the millennium are part of the basic doctrine of several denominations, including Jehovah's Witnesses.
Note: Figuratively, a “millennium” is a period of great justice and happiness on Earth.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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millennia in the Bible

a thousand years; the name given to the era mentioned in Rev. 20:1-7. Some maintain that Christ will personally appear on earth for the purpose of establishing his kingdom at the beginning of this millennium. Those holding this view are usually called "millenarians." On the other hand, it is maintained, more in accordance with the teaching of Scripture, we think, that Christ's second advent will not be premillennial, and that the right conception of the prospects and destiny of his kingdom is that which is taught, e.g., in the parables of the leaven and the mustard-seed. The triumph of the gospel, it is held, must be looked for by the wider and more efficient operation of the very forces that are now at work in extending the gospel; and that Christ will only come again at the close of this dispensation to judge the world at the "last day." The millennium will thus precede his coming.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for millennia

millennium

No sooner had people planning their 1999 New Year's Eve celebrations referred to Jan. 1, 2000, as ushering in the 3rd millennium than someone declaimed that the new millennium would not really begin until Jan. 1, 2001. The Gregorian calendar, put forth in 1582 and subsequently adopted by most countries, did not include a year 0 in the transition from BC (the years before Christ) to AD (those since his birth). Thus, the 1st millennium ran from year 1 through 1000, and the 2nd began in 1001 and would end on Dec. 31, 2000-not 1999. Those opting for 2000 as the beginning of the new millennium were not to be put off, however. For them, it was enough that the first digit in the year was changing and that the year was a multiple of 1,000. Computers facing problems caused by the use of a two-digit space for the year in their programs-and the possibility that when those two digits began again at 00 the computer might be unable to tell which century was being referred to-were said to be endangered by the Millennium Bug. The terms new millennium and next millennium in reference to the year 2000 were ubiquitous in the media.

Learn more about millennium with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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