Yet in the highlands where the Minangkabau culture remains strongest, change seems further off.
Some also say they see changes afoot among the Minangkabau that may be weakening the adat system.
If you are a Minangkabau woman and pregnant, people really hope for a girl for the first child.
She published a book about the Minangkabau in 2000 called Webs of Power: Women, Kin and Community in a Sumatran Village.
Over tea and sweet bananas, they agreed that in their community Minangkabau customs are cherished.
Although Minangkabau men and women do have a unique concept of equality, like anywhere, it is not a perfect society.
The city has more influences,” he said, “but they still celebrate important moments according to Minangkabau.
To accommodate both, the Minangkabau make a distinction between high and low inheritance.