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minima

[min-uh-muh] /ˈmɪn ə mə/
noun
1.
a plural of minimum.

minimum

[min-uh-muh m] /ˈmɪn ə məm/
noun, plural minimums, minima
[min-uh-muh] /ˈmɪn ə mə/ (Show IPA)
1.
the least quantity or amount possible, assignable, allowable, or the like.
2.
the lowest speed permitted on a highway.
3.
the lowest amount, value, or degree attained or recorded.
4.
an arbitrary amount set by a restaurant, nightclub, etc., as the least amount to be charged each person for food and drink.
Compare cover charge.
5.
Mathematics.
  1. Also called relative minimum, local minimum. the value of a function at a certain point in its domain, which is less than or equal to the values at all other points in the immediate vicinity of the point.
  2. the point in the domain at which a minimum occurs.
adjective
6.
noting or indicating a minimum.
7.
least possible:
minimum risk.
8.
lowest:
a minimum rate.
9.
pertaining to a minimum or minimums.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65; < Latin, neuter of minimus smallest, least. See minor
Can be confused
minimal, minimize, minimum, minuscule, minutia (see usage note at minuscule)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for minima
  • There obviously is if all the other minima are still positive.
  • If you ask about trends or records in temperature minima, you're wrong.
  • The minima are supplied by reversals administered by appellate courts.
British Dictionary definitions for minima

minima

/ˈmɪnɪmə/
noun
1.
a plural of minimum

minimum

/ˈmɪnɪməm/
noun (pl) -mums, -ma (-mə)
1.
the least possible amount, degree, or quantity
2.
the least amount recorded, allowed, or reached the minimum in our temperature record this month was 50°
3.
(modifier) being the least possible, recorded, allowed, etc minimum age
4.
(maths) a value of a function that is less than any neighbouring value
adjective
5.
of or relating to a minimum or minimums
Word Origin
C17: from Latin: smallest thing, from minimus least
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for minima
minimum
1663 (n.) "smallest portion into which matter is divisible," from L. minimum "smallest" (thing), neut. of minimus "smallest," superl. of minor "smaller" (see minor). The adj. is first attested 1810.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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minima in Science
minimum
  (mĭn'ə-məm)   
Plural minimums or minima
  1. The lowest known or lowest possible number, measure, quantity, or degree.

  2. The lowest value of a mathematical function, if it has such a value.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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10
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