mis-

mis-

1
a prefix applied to various parts of speech, meaning “ill,” “mistaken,” “wrong,” “wrongly,” “incorrectly,” or simply negating: mistrial; misprint; mistrust.

Origin:
Middle English; Old English mis(se)-; cognate with German miss-, Gothic missa- (see miss1;); often replacing Middle English mes- < Old French < West Germanic *mis(s)-

Dictionary.com Unabridged

mis-

2
variant of miso- before some vowels: misanthrope.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
mis-1
 
prefix
1.  wrong, bad, or erroneous; wrongly, badly, or erroneously: misunderstanding; misfortune; misspelling; mistreat; mislead
2.  lack of; not: mistrust
 
[Old English mis(se)-; related to Middle English mes-, from Old French mes-; compare Old High German missa-, Old Norse mis-]

mis-2
 
prefix
a variant of miso-

miso- or (before a vowel) mis-
 
combining form
indicating hatred: misogyny
 
[from Greek misos hatred]
 
mis- or (before a vowel) mis-
 
combining form
 
[from Greek misos hatred]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mis-
prefix meaning "bad, wrong," from O.E. mis-, from P.Gmc. *missa- "divergent, astray" (cf. O.Fris. mis-, M.Du. misse-, O.H.G. missa-, Ger. miß-, O.N. mis-, Goth. missa-), perhaps with a root sense of "difference, change" (cf. Goth. misso "mutually"), and thus from PIE *mit-to-, from base *mei-
"to change" (see mutable). Others see in P.Gmc. *missa- the stem of an ancient pp., related to O.E. missan "fail to hit" (see miss (v.)), which is from the same PIE base. Used both with sense of "incorrect" (mistake) and "bad" (mishap); in 14c.-16c. in a few verbs it began to be felt as "unfavorably" and was used as an intensive prefix with verbs already expressing negative feeling (e.g. misdoubt). Practically a separate word in O.E. and early M.E. (and often written as such). O.E. had an adj. (mislic "diverse, unlike, various") and an adv. (mislice "in various directions, wrongly, astray") derived from it, corresponding to Ger. misslich (adj.).

mis-
in a handful of words (mischief, miscreant, etc.) represents O.Fr. mes- "bad(ly), wrong(ly)," from V.L. minus-, from L. minus "less," which was not used as a prefix. Perhaps infl. on O.Fr. by the Frank. equivalent of mis- (1).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

mis- 1
pref.
Bad; badly; wrong; wrongly: misdiagnosis.

mis- 2
pref.
Variant of miso-.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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