miser

[mahy-zer]

Origin:
1535–45; < Latin: wretched


2. skinflint, tightwad, pinchpenny.
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Miser, The

noun French L'Avare.
a comedy (1668) by Molière.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
miser1 (ˈmaɪzə)
 
n
1.  a person who hoards money or possessions, often living miserably
2.  selfish person
 
[C16: from Latin: wretched]

miser2 (ˈmaɪzə)
 
n
civil engineering a large hand-operated auger used for loose soils
 
[C19: origin unknown]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

miser
1540s, "miserable person, wretch," from L. miser (adj.) "unhappy, wretched," of unknown origin. Original sense now obsolete; main modern meaning of "money-hoarding person" first recorded c.1560, from presumed unhappiness of such people. Besides general wretchedness, the L. word connoted also "intense
erotic love" (cf. slang got it bad "deeply infatuated") and hence was a favorite word of Catullus. In Gk. a miser was kyminopristes, lit. "a cumin seed splitter." In Mod.Gk., he or she might be called hekentabelones, lit. "one who has sixty needles." The Ger. word, filz, lit. "felt," preserves the image of the felt slippers which the miser often wore in caricatures. Lettish mantrausis "miser" is lit. "money-raker."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
As anyone surely knows, Scrooge is a nasty miser.
Before he began giving money away, people complained that he was a miser.
I'm neither a spendthrift nor a miser.
Food does not satisfy the greedy man, nor money the miser.
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