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misprision1

[mis-prizh-uh n] /mɪsˈprɪʒ ən/
noun
1.
a neglect or violation of official duty by one in office.
2.
failure by one not an accessory to prevent or notify the authorities of treason or felony.
3.
a contempt against the government, monarch, or courts, as sedition, lese majesty, or a contempt of court.
4.
a mistake; misunderstanding.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French mesprision, equivalent to mes- mis-1 + prision < Latin prēnsiōn-, variant of prehēnsiōn- (stem of prehēnsiō) prehension

misprision2

[mis-prizh-uh n] /mɪsˈprɪʒ ən/
noun
1.
contempt or scorn.
Origin
1580-90; misprise + -ion
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for misprision
  • Bloom locates this swerve in a misreading or misprision, the simplest of his relations.
  • The same reasoning can be applied to misprision of the carjacking.
British Dictionary definitions for misprision

misprision1

/mɪsˈprɪʒən/
noun
1.
  1. a failure to inform the proper authorities of the commission of an act of treason
  2. the deliberate concealment of the commission of a felony
Word Origin
C15: via Anglo-French from Old French mesprision error, from mesprendre to mistake, from mes-mis-1 + prendre to take

misprision2

/mɪsˈprɪʒən/
noun (archaic)
1.
contempt
2.
failure to appreciate the value of something
Word Origin
C16: from misprize
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for misprision
n.

"wrong action, a failure on the part of authority," early 15c., from Anglo-French mesprisioun "mistake, error, wrong action or speech," from Old French mesprision "mistake, wrongdoing, fault, blame, crime," from mespris, past participle of mesprendre "to mistake, act wrongly, trespass, transgress, break a law," from mes- "wrongly" (see mis- (2)) + prendre "take," from Latin prendere, contracted from prehendere "seize" (see prehensile).

In 16c., misprision of treason was used for lesser degrees of guilt (those not subject to capital punishment), especially for knowing of treasonable actions or plots but not informing the authorities. This led to the common supposition in legal writers that the word means "failure to denounce" a crime.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for misprision

in law, criminal misconduct of various types. Concealment of a serious crime by one who knows of its commission but was not a party to it is misprision. Similarly, the failure of a citizen to attempt to prevent the perpetration of an offense can be characterized as misprision. (See also accomplice; accessory; and abettor.)

Learn more about misprision with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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