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mitosis

[mahy-toh-sis] /maɪˈtoʊ sɪs/
noun, Cell Biology
1.
the usual method of cell division, characterized typically by the resolving of the chromatin of the nucleus into a threadlike form, which condenses into chromosomes, each of which separates longitudinally into two parts, one part of each chromosome being retained in each of two new cells resulting from the original cell.
Compare meiosis.
Origin
1885-1890
1885-90; < Greek mít(os) a thread + -osis
Related forms
mitotic
[mahy-tot-ik] /maɪˈtɒt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
mitotically, adverb
intermitotic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for mitosis
  • The process of division is a complicated one to which the technical name " mitosis" is given.
  • We knew they existed and underwent mitosis and meiosis, but hardly anything beyond that.
  • Eighteen percent believe the process that produces sperm and eggs is mitosis.
  • Nerve cells rarely go through mitosis, which is why injured nerve cells usually result in permanent damage.
  • When human cells divide and undergo mitosis the chromosomes coil to the gene form and are effectible by magnetic fields.
  • Errors in copying the genome before cell mitosis is a source of hereditary mutations.
  • When bacteria reproduces it is small enough and has the means within its cell to do so by simply undergoing mitosis.
  • After 14 hours, 90 percent of the controls had completed mitosis, whereas the neutralized cells continued to lag behind.
  • During mitosis, cells with more than two centrosomes are prone to multipolar mitoses and cell death.
British Dictionary definitions for mitosis

mitosis

/maɪˈtəʊsɪs; mɪ-/
noun
1.
a method of cell division, in which the nucleus divides into daughter nuclei, each containing the same number of chromosomes as the parent nucleus Compare prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, meiosis (sense 1)
Derived Forms
mitotic (maɪˈtɒtɪk; mɪ-) adjective
mitotically, adverb
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin, from Greek mitos thread
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mitosis
n.

1887, coined in German from Greek mitos "warp thread" (see mitre) + Modern Latin -osis "act, process." Term introduced by German anatomist Walther Fleming (1843-1905) in 1882. So called because chromatin of the cell nucleus appears as long threads in the first stages.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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mitosis in Medicine

mitosis mi·to·sis (mī-tō'sĭs)
n. pl. mi·to·ses (-sēz)

  1. The process in cell division by which the nucleus divides, typically in four stages (prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase) resulting in two new nuclei, each of which has exactly the same chromosome and DNA content as the original cell. Also called indirect nuclear division, karyokinesis, mitotic division.

  2. The entire process of cell division including division of the nucleus and the cytoplasm.


mi·tot'ic (-tŏt'ĭk) adj.
mi·tot'i·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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mitosis in Science
mitosis
  (mī-tō'sĭs)   

The process in cell division in eukaryotes in which the nucleus divides to produce two new nuclei, each having the same number and type of chromosomes as the original. Prior to mitosis, each chromosome is replicated to form two identical strands (called chromatids). As mitosis begins, the chromosomes line up along the center of the cell by attaching to the fibers of the cell spindle. The pairs of chromatids then separate, each strand of a pair moving to an opposite end of the cell. When a new membrane forms around each of the two groups of chromosomes, division of the nucleus is complete. The four main phases of mitosis are prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Compare meiosis.

mitotic adjective (mī-tŏt'ĭk)
Our Living Language  : Mitosis is the process by which the nucleus divides in eukaryotic organisms, producing two new nuclei that are genetically identical to the nucleus of the parent cell. It occurs in cell division carried on by human somatic cells—the cells used for the maintenance and growth of the body. These cells have two paired sets of 23 chromosomes, or 46 chromosomes in total. (Cells with two sets of chromosomes are called diploid.) Before cell division occurs, the genetic material in each chromosome is duplicated as part of the normal functioning of the cell. Each chromosome then consists of two chromatids, identical strands of DNA. When a cell undergoes mitosis, the chromosomes condense into 46 compact bodies. The chromatids then separate, and one chromatid from each of the 46 chromosomes moves to each side of the cell as it prepares to divide. The chromatids form the chromosomes of the daughter cells, so that each new cell has 46 chromosomes, (two complete sets of 23) just like the parent cell. ◇ While both mitosis and meiosis refer properly to types of nuclear division, they are often used as shorthand to refer to the entire processes of cell division themselves. When mitosis and meiosis are used to refer specifically to nuclear division, they are often contrasted with cytokinesis, the division of the cytoplasm.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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mitosis in Culture
mitosis [(meye-toh-sis)]

Division of a single cell into two identical “daughter” cells. Each daughter cell has an identical number of chromosomes as the parent cell. Mitosis begins when the DNA in the parent cell replicates itself; it ends with two cells having the same genes (see genetics). Most cells in the human body, and all single-celled organisms, reproduce through mitosis. (Compare meiosis.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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