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Denotation vs. Connotation

mitre

[mahy-ter] /ˈmaɪ tər/
noun, verb (used with object), mitred, mitring. Chiefly British
1.

Mitre

[mee-trey; Spanish mee-tre] /ˈmi treɪ; Spanish ˈmi trɛ/
noun
1.
Bartolomé
[bahr-taw-law-me] /ˌbɑr tɔ lɔˈmɛ/ (Show IPA),
1821–1906, Argentine soldier, statesman, and author: president of Argentina 1862–68.

miter

or (especially British) mitre

[mahy-ter] /ˈmaɪ tər/
noun
1.
the official headdress of a bishop in the Western Church, in its modern form a tall cap with a top deeply cleft crosswise, the outline of the front and back resembling that of a pointed arch.
2.
the office or rank of a bishop; bishopric.
3.
Judaism. the official headdress of the ancient high priest, bearing on the front a gold plate engraved with the words Holiness to the Lord. Ex. 28:36–38.
4.
a fillet worn by women of ancient Greece.
5.
Carpentry. an oblique surface formed on a piece of wood or the like so as to butt against an oblique surface on another piece to be joined with it.
6.
Nautical. the inclined seam connecting the two cloths of an angulated sail.
verb (used with object)
7.
to bestow a miter upon, or raise to a rank entitled to it.
8.
to join with a miter joint.
9.
to cut to a miter.
10.
to join (two edges of fabric) at a corner by various methods of folding, cutting, and stitching.
Origin of miter
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English mitre (noun) < Latin mitra < Greek mítra turban, headdress
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for mitre
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The angle for cutting the mitre at the ridge may be obtained from the drawing, also the angles where the fit occurs at the plate.

    Carpentry and Woodwork Edwin W. Foster
  • mitremyces is made up of two words: mitre, a cap; myces, a mushroom.

  • "You'd be better if you'd come to the 'mitre,' and smoke a pipe," said Poppins.

  • That night Philip slept at the "mitre," and next morning he went up to Ballure.

    The Manxman Hall Caine
  • The next operation will be to fill in the board and mitre the corners.

  • I thought that you had understood all this when you rescued me from those bullies at The mitre.

    The Tavern Knight Rafael Sabatini
  • For some men are born to the mill, and others to the mitre, and still others to the sceptre; but Mr. Daaken was born to the birch.

    Richard Carvel, Complete Winston Churchill
  • "The mitre is stronger than the mitraille, after all," said D'Esmonde, boldly.

    The Daltons, Volume II (of II) Charles James Lever
  • Conceive the two points of the mitre so shortened that, placed downwards on the skull, they scarcely cover the ears.

    Letters from Spain Joseph Blanco White
British Dictionary definitions for mitre

mitre

/ˈmaɪtə/
noun
1.
(Christianity) the liturgical headdress of a bishop or abbot, in most western churches consisting of a tall pointed cleft cap with two bands hanging down at the back
2.
short for mitre joint
3.
a bevelled surface of a mitre joint
4.
(in sewing) a diagonal join where the hems along two sides meet at a corner of the fabric
verb (transitive)
5.
to make a mitre joint between (two pieces of material, esp wood)
6.
to make a mitre in (a fabric)
7.
to confer a mitre upon: a mitred abbot
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from Latin mitra, from Greek mitra turban

miter

/ˈmaɪtə/
noun, verb
1.
the usual US spelling of mitre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mitre
n.

bishop's tall hat, late 14c., from Old French mitre, from Latin mitra "headband, turban," from Greek mitra "headband, turban," earlier a belt or cloth worn under armor about the waist, from PIE root *mei- "to tie" (cf. Sanskrit Mitrah, Old Persian Mithra-, god names; Russian mir "world, peace," Greek mitos "a warp thread"). In Latin, "a kind of headdress common among Asiatics, the wearing of which by men was regarded in Rome as a mark of effeminacy" [OED]. But the word was used in Vulgate to translate Hebrew micnepheth "headdress of a priest."

miter

n.

alternative spelling of mitre (see -re).

in the carpentry sense of "joint at a 45 degree angle," 1670s, perhaps from mitre, via notion of joining of the two peaks of the folded cap. As a verb from 1731.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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mitre in the Bible

(Heb. mitsnepheth), something rolled round the head; the turban or head-dress of the high priest (Ex. 28:4, 37, 39; 29:6, etc.). In the Authorized Version of Ezek. 21:26, this Hebrew word is rendered "diadem," but in the Revised Version, "mitre." It was a twisted band of fine linen, 8 yards in length, coiled into the form of a cap, and worn on official occasions (Lev. 8:9; 16:4; Zech. 3:5). On the front of it was a golden plate with the inscription, "Holiness to the Lord." The mitsnepheth differed from the mitre or head-dress (migba'ah) of the common priest. (See BONNET.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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