modernist

[mod-er-nist]
noun
1.
a person who follows or favors modern ways, tendencies, etc.
2.
a person who advocates the study of modern subjects in preference to ancient classics.
3.
an adherent of modernism in theological questions.
adjective
4.
of modernists or modernism.

Origin:
1580–90; modern + -ist

antimodernist, noun, adjective
hypermodernist, noun
promodernist, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
modernism (ˈmɒdəˌnɪzəm)
 
n
1.  modern tendencies, characteristics, thoughts, etc, or the support of these
2.  something typical of contemporary life or thought
3.  See International Style a 20th-century divergence in the arts from previous traditions, esp in architecture
4.  (capital) RC Church the movement at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries that sought to adapt doctrine to the supposed requirements of modern thought
 
'modernist
 
n, —adj
 
modern'istic
 
adj
 
modern'istically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

modernist
1580s, a modern person, from modern + -ist. Later, a supporter of the modern (as opposed to the classical), c.1700. As a follower of a movement in the arts (modernism) attested from 1927.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
My guess is that it goes back to post-modernist philosophy in which there is no objective reality only perception.
To the post-modernist sensibility, literature is not the stimulus for theory but the consequence of it.
Havens had hardly spoken before powerful modernist rebels declared their
  opposition.
Its modernist architecture attracted her, and she decided to cross-process her
  pictures.
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