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molasses

[muh-las-iz] /məˈlæs ɪz/
noun
1.
a thick syrup produced during the refining of sugar or from sorghum, varying from light to dark brown in color.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; earlier molassos, molasso(e)s < Portuguese melaços, plural of melaço (< Late Latin mellācium half-boiled new wine, for *mellāceum, neuter of *mellāceus honeylike, equivalent to mell-, stem of mel honey + -āceus -aceous)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for molasses

molasses

/məˈlæsɪz/
noun (functioning as sing)
1.
the thick brown uncrystallized bitter syrup obtained from sugar during refining
2.
(US & Canadian) a dark viscous syrup obtained during the refining of sugar Also called (in Britain and certain other countries) treacle
Word Origin
C16: from Portuguese melaço, from Late Latin mellāceum must, from Latin mel honey
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for molasses
n.

1580s, from Portuguese melaço, from Late Latin mellaceum "new wine," properly neuter of mellaceus "resembling honey," from Latin mel (genitive mellis) "honey" (see Melissa). Adopted in English in plural form, but regarded as a singular noun.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for molasses

syrup remaining after sugar is crystallized out of cane or beet juice. Molasses syrup is separated from sugar crystals by means of centrifuging. Molasses is separated from the sugar crystals repeatedly during the manufacturing process, resulting in several different grades of molasses; that obtained from the first extraction contains more sugar, tastes sweeter, and is lighter in colour than molasses obtained at the second or third extractions. The third and final extraction yields blackstrap molasses, a heavy, viscous, dark-coloured product that has had all the sugar removed from it that can be separated practically by ordinary crystallization.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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