Monadic

monad

[mon-ad, moh-nad]
noun
1.
Biology.
a.
any simple, single-celled organism.
b.
any of various small, flagellate, colorless ameboids with one to three flagella, especially of the genus Monas.
2.
Chemistry. an element, atom, or group having a valence of one. Compare dyad ( def 3 ), triad ( def 2a ).
3.
Philosophy.
a.
(in the metaphysics of Leibniz) an unextended, indivisible, and indestructible entity that is the basic or ultimate constituent of the universe and a microcosm of it.
b.
(in the philosophy of Giordano Bruno) a basic and irreducible metaphysical unit that is spatially and psychically individuated.
c.
any basic metaphysical entity, especially having an autonomous life.
4.
a single unit or entity.

Origin:
1605–15; < Late Latin monad- (stem of monas) < Greek (stem of monás): unity. See mon-, -ad1

monadic [muh-nad-ik] , monadical, monadal, adjective
monadically, adverb
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World English Dictionary
monad (ˈmɒnæd, ˈməʊ-)
 
n , -ads, -ades
1.  philosophy
 a.  any fundamental singular metaphysical entity, esp if autonomous
 b.  (in the metaphysics of Leibnitz) a simple indestructible nonspatial element regarded as the unit of which reality consists
 c.  (in the pantheistic philosophy of Giordano Bruno) a fundamental metaphysical unit that is spatially extended and psychically aware
2.  a single-celled organism, esp a flagellate protozoan
3.  an atom, ion, or radical with a valency of one
 
[C17: from Late Latin monas, from Greek: unit, from monos alone]
 
mo'nadical
 
adj
 
mo'nadically
 
adv

monadic (mɒˈnædɪk)
 
adj
1.  being or relating to a monad
2.  logic, maths (of an operator, predicate, etc) having only a single argument place

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Word Origin & History

monad
"unity, arithmetical unit," 1615, from L. monas (gen. monadis), from Gk. monas "unit," from monos "alone" (see mono-). In Leibnitz's philosophy, "an ultimate unit of being" (1748).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

monad mo·nad (mō'nād')
n.

  1. An atom or a radical with a valence of 1.

  2. A single-celled microorganism, especially a protozoan of the genus Monas.

  3. Any of the four chromatids of a tetrad that, after the first and second meiotic divisions, separate to become the chromosomal material in each of the four daughter cells.


mo·nad'ic (mə-nād'ik) or mo·nad'i·cal adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

monadic definition


1. unary, when describing an operator or function. The term is part of the dyadic, niladic sequence.
2. See monad.
(1998-07-24)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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