monarch

[mon-erk, -ahrk]
noun
1.
a hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor.
2.
a sole and absolute ruler of a state or nation.
3.
a person or thing that holds a dominant position: a monarch of international shipping.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin monarcha < Greek monárchēs sole ruler; see mon-, -arch

antimonarch, adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
monarch (ˈmɒnək)
 
n
1.  a sovereign head of state, esp a king, queen, or emperor, who rules usually by hereditary right
2.  a supremely powerful or pre-eminent person or thing
3.  Also called: milkweed a large migratory butterfly, Danaus plexippus, that has orange-and-black wings and feeds on the milkweed plant: family Danaidae
 
[C15: from Late Latin monarcha, from Greek; see mono-, -arch]
 
monarchal
 
adj
 
monarchial
 
adj
 
mo'narchally
 
adv
 
mo'narchical
 
adj
 
mo'narchic
 
adj
 
mo'narchically
 
adv
 
'monarchism
 
n
 
'monarchist
 
n, —adj
 
monar'chistic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

monarch
mid-15c., from L.L. monarcha, from Gk. monarkhes (see monarchy).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

monarch

any of about 60 bird species constituting the subfamily Monarchinae of the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae. The term monarch is usually reserved for members of the Australian and Asian genera Monarcha and Hypothymis; the members of about 12 other Asian and African genera of monarchines are called flycatchers, with various modifiers.

Learn more about monarch with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Until you're monarch of the world, everyone can steal your ideas.
But you will have reminded the public that no one is supposed to speak to a
  monarch without being spoken to first.
Imagine a monarch butterfly searching for nectar or a mate in a meadow on a
  humid afternoon in July.
On the way to town the daughter witnesses the sad legacy of a gold-obsessed
  monarch: starving families and ruined, barren fields.
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