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monarch

[mon-erk, -ahrk] /ˈmɒn ərk, -ɑrk/
noun
1.
a hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor.
2.
a sole and absolute ruler of a state or nation.
3.
a person or thing that holds a dominant position:
a monarch of international shipping.
Origin of monarch
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Late Latin monarcha < Greek monárchēs sole ruler; see mon-, -arch
Related forms
antimonarch, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for monarchs

monarch

/ˈmɒnək/
noun
1.
a sovereign head of state, esp a king, queen, or emperor, who rules usually by hereditary right
2.
a supremely powerful or pre-eminent person or thing
3.
Also called milkweed. a large migratory butterfly, Danaus plexippus, that has orange-and-black wings and feeds on the milkweed plant: family Danaidae
Derived Forms
monarchal (mɒˈnɑːkəl), monarchial (mɒˈnɑːkɪəl) adjective
monarchally, adverb
monarchical, monarchic, adjective
monarchically, adverb
monarchism, noun
monarchist, noun, adjective
monarchistic, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin monarcha, from Greek; see mono-, -arch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for monarchs

monarch

n.

mid-15c., from Middle French monarque (14c.) or directly from Late Latin monarcha, from Greek monarkhes "one who rules alone" (see monarchy). As a type of large butterfly, from 1890.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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