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monazite

[mon-uh-zahyt] /ˈmɒn əˌzaɪt/
noun
1.
a reddish- or yellowish-brown mineral, a phosphate of cerium and lanthanum, (Ce,La)PO 4 : the principal ore of thorium.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; < German Monazit, equivalent to monaz- (< Greek monázein to be alone; see mon-) + -it -ite1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for monazite
  • Recoverable concentrations can be found in several minerals, such as bastnaesite and monazite.
  • Without demand for the rare earths, monazite would probably not be recovered for its thorium content.
  • Gadolinium is found in several other minerals, including monazite and bastnasite, both of which are commercially important.
British Dictionary definitions for monazite

monazite

/ˈmɒnəˌzaɪt/
noun
1.
a yellow to reddish-brown mineral consisting of a phosphate of thorium, cerium, and lanthanum in monoclinic crystalline form
Word Origin
C19: from German, from Greek monazein to live alone, so called because of its rarity
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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monazite in Science
monazite
  (mŏn'ə-zīt')   
A yellow or reddish-brown monoclinic mineral that is a principal ore of several lanthanide (rare-earth) elements. It occurs as tabular crystals in pegmatites, granites, and metamorphic rocks, as well as in sand. Chemical formula: (Ce, La, Nd, Th)PO4.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for monazite

phosphate mineral, cerium and lanthanum phosphate [(Ce, La)PO4], that is the major commercial source of cerium. Occurring as small, brown, resinous, rather heavy crystals in granitic and gneissic rocks and their detritus (called monazite sands), monazite frequently contains 10-12 percent thorium dioxide (ThO2) and thus represents a major commercial source of thorium as well. Monazite is mined in Brazil, Norway, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India, and North Carolina. For detailed physical properties, see phosphate mineral (table)

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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