monocoque

[mon-uh-kohk, -kok]
noun
1.
a type of boat, aircraft, or rocket construction in which the shell carries most of the stresses.
2.
Automotive. a type of vehicular construction in which the body is combined with the chassis as a single unit.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, or being a monocoque.

Origin:
1910–15; < French, equivalent to mono- mono- + coque shell, eggshell (of uncertain origin)

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
monocoque (ˈmɒnəˌkɒk)
 
n
1.  a type of aircraft fuselage, car body, etc, in which all or most of the loads are taken by the skin
2.  a type of racing-car, racing-cycle, or powerboat design with no separate chassis and body
 
adj
3.  of or relating to the design characteristic of a monocoque
 
[C20: from French, from mono- + coque shell]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
As such, the monocoque weighs only about one-third of what it would if built from steel.
Modern cars have a monocoque steel body in which the strength is built into the pressed steel floor, sides and roof.
Twenty-six-inch tires and thick aluminum monocoque frame distract from the bike's folder-ness.
The all metal semi-monocoque fuselage consists of three sections: nose section, cabin section, and tail cone section.
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