[n. mon-yuh-muhnt; v. mon-yuh-ment]
something erected in memory of a person, event, etc., as a building, pillar, or statue: the Washington Monument.
any building, megalith, etc., surviving from a past age, and regarded as of historical or archaeological importance.
any enduring evidence or notable example of something: a monument to human ingenuity.
an exemplar, model, or personification of some abstract quality, especially when considered to be beyond question: a monument of middle-class respectability.
an area or a site of interest to the public for its historical significance, great natural beauty, etc., preserved and maintained by a government.
a written tribute to a person, especially a posthumous one.
Surveying. an object, as a stone shaft, set in the ground to mark the boundaries of real estate or to mark a survey station.
a person considered as a heroic figure or of heroic proportions: He became a monument in his lifetime.
Obsolete. a tomb; sepulcher.
a statue.
verb (used with object)
to build a monument or monuments to; commemorate: to monument the nation's war dead.
to build a monument on: to monument a famous site.

1250–1300; Middle English < Latin monumentum, equivalent to mon- (stem of monēre to remind, warn) + -u- (variant of -i- -i- before labials) + -mentum -ment

monumentless, adjective
unmonumented, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
monument (ˈmɒnjʊmənt)
1.  an obelisk, statue, building, etc, erected in commemoration of a person or event or in celebration of something
2.  a notable building or site, esp one preserved as public property
3.  a tomb or tombstone
4.  a literary or artistic work regarded as commemorative of its creator or a particular period
5.  (US) a boundary marker
6.  an exceptional example: his lecture was a monument of tedium
7.  an obsolete word for statue
[C13: from Latin monumentum, from monēre to remind, advise]

Monument (ˈmɒnjʊmənt)
the Monument a tall columnar building designed (1671) by Sir Christopher Wren to commemorate the Fire of London (1666), which destroyed a large part of the medieval city

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 13c., "a sepulchre," from L. monumentum "a monument, a memorial," lit. "something that reminds," from monere "to remind, warn" (see monitor). Sense of "structure or edifice to commemorate a notable person, action, or event" first attested c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Asked why politicians build those monstrosities, he could only speculate that
  they wanted a monument to their regime.
What an amazing monument this monumental task has become.
These amazing places have also been suggested for national monument status.
The ruins are a protected monument and a popular tourist spot.
Image for monument
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