1 [mood]
a state or quality of feeling at a particular time: What's the boss' mood today?
a distinctive emotional quality or character: The mood of the music was almost funereal.
a prevailing emotional tone or general attitude: the country's mood.
a frame of mind disposed or receptive, as to some activity or thing: I'm not in the mood to see a movie.
a state of sullenness, gloom, or bad temper.

before 900; Middle English; Old English mōd mind, spirit; courage; cognate with German Mut, Gothic mōths courage, Old Norse mōthr anger

1. temper, humor, disposition, inclination. Unabridged


2 [mood]
a set of categories for which the verb is inflected in many languages, and that is typically used to indicate the syntactic relation of the clause in which the verb occurs to other clauses in the sentence, or the attitude of the speaker toward what he or she is saying, as certainty or uncertainty, wish or command, emphasis or hesitancy.
a set of syntactic devices in some languages that is similar to this set in function or meaning, involving the use of auxiliary words, as can, may, might.
any of the categories of these sets: the Latin indicative, imperative, and subjunctive moods.
Logic. a classification of categorical syllogisms by the use of three letters that name, respectively, the major premise, the minor premise, and the conclusion.
Also called mode.

1525–35; special use of mood1 by influence of mode1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mood1 (muːd)
1.  a temporary state of mind or temper: a cheerful mood
2.  a sullen or gloomy state of mind, esp when temporary: she's in a mood
3.  a prevailing atmosphere or feeling
4.  in the mood in a favourable state of mind (for something or to do something)
[Old English mōd mind, feeling; compare Old Norse mōthr grief, wrath]

mood2 (muːd)
1.  grammar a category of the verb or verbal inflections that expresses semantic and grammatical differences, including such forms as the indicative, subjunctive, and imperative
2.  logic Compare figure one of the possible arrangements of the syllogism, classified solely by whether the component propositions are universal or particular and affirmative or negative
[C16: from mood1, influenced in meaning by mode]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"emotional condition, frame of mind," O.E. mod "heart, frame of mind, spirit, courage," from P.Gmc. *motha- (cf. O.Fris. mod "intellect, mind, courage," O.N. moðr "wrath, anger," M.Du. moet, Du. moed, O.H.G. muot, Ger. Mut "courage," Goth. moþs "courage, anger"), of unknown origin. A much more
vigorous word in Anglo-Saxon than currently, and used widely in compounds (e.g. modcræftig "intelligent," modful "proud"). To be in the mood "willing (to do something)" is from 1580s. First record of mood swings is from 1942.

"grammatical form indicating the function of a verb," 1569, an alteration of mode (1), but the grammatical and musical (1597) usages of it influenced the meaning of mood (1) in phrases such as light-hearted mood.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

mood 1 (mōōd)
A state of mind or emotion.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases


see in a bad mood; in the mood.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Mood describes how you feel in response to how you are.
Today's mind-altering chemicals can improve your memory, alertness, and mood.
Those are always my favorite, but depending on my mood I could play anything.
I'm in the mood for something exotic.
Idioms & Phrases
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