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maroon1

[muh-roon] /məˈrun/
adjective
1.
dark brownish-red.
2.
Chiefly British.
  1. a loudly exploding firework consisting of a cardboard container filled with gunpowder.
  2. a similar firework used as a danger or warning signal, as by railway brakemen.
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; < French marron literally, chestnut, Middle French < Upper Italian (Tuscan marrone), perhaps ultimately derivative of pre-Latin *marr- stone
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for more maroon

maroon1

/məˈruːn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to leave ashore and abandon, esp on an island
2.
to isolate without resources
noun
3.
a descendant of a group of runaway slaves living in the remoter areas of the Caribbean or Guyana
4.
(US & Canadian, informal) a person who has been marooned, esp on an island
Word Origin
C17 (applied to fugitive slaves): from American Spanish cimarrón wild, literally: dwelling on peaks, from Spanish cima summit

maroon2

/məˈruːn/
noun
1.
  1. a dark red to purplish-red colour
  2. (as adjective): a maroon carpet
2.
an exploding firework, esp one used as a warning signal
Word Origin
C18: from French, literally: chestnut, marron1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for more maroon

maroon

n.

"very dark reddish-brown color," 1791, from French couleur marron, the color of a marron "chestnut," the large sweet chestnut of southern Europe (maroon in that sense was used in English from 1590s), from dialect of Lyons, ultimately from a word in a pre-Roman language, perhaps Ligurian; or from Greek maraon "sweet chestnut."

v.

"put ashore on a desolate island or coast," 1724 (implied in marooning), earlier "to be lost in the wild" (1690s); from maron (n.) "fugitive black slave in the jungles of W.Indies and Dutch Guyana" (1660s), earlier symeron (1620s), from French marron, said to be a corruption of Spanish cimmaron "wild, untamed," from Old Spanish cimarra "thicket," probably from cima "summit, top" (from Latin cyma "sprout"), with a notion of living wild in the mountains. Related: Marooned.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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