|Russian name: Moskva the capital of Russia and of the Moscow Autonomous Region, on the Moskva River: dates from the 11th century; capital of the grand duchy of Russia from 1547 to 1712; capital of the Soviet Union 1918--91; centres on the medieval Kremlin; chief political, cultural, and industrial centre of Russia, with two universities. Pop: 10 672 000 (2005 est)Related: Muscovite|
Capital and largest city of Russia, located in the west-central region on the Moscow River; Russia's economic and cultural center.
Note: The Kremlin, Russia's political and administrative headquarters, is at the center of the city. Adjoining the Kremlin is Red Square.
Note: Its landmarks and institutions include the tomb of Lenin, the University of Moscow, Gorki Central Park, and the Bolshoi Ballet Theater.
Note: In 1991, hundreds of thousands of Muscovites, led by Boris Yeltsin, rallied against a coup that had overthrown reformist president Mikhail Gorbachev, resulting in the defeat of the coup plotters, the end of the communist system, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union.