muezzin

[myoo-ez-in, moo-]
noun
the crier who, from a minaret or other high part of a mosque, at stated hours five times daily, intones aloud the call summoning Muslims to prayer.

Origin:
1575–85; < Turkish müezzin < Arabic mu'adhdhin

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World English Dictionary
muezzin (muːˈɛzɪn)
 
n
Islam the official of a mosque who calls the faithful to prayer five times a day from the minaret
 
[C16: changed from Arabic mu'adhdhin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

muezzin
"official who calls Muslims to prayer from the minaret of a mosque," 1585, from Arabic muadhdhin, properly active part. of adhdhana, frequentative of adhanna "he proclaimed," from uthn "ear." Eng. spelling is from dial. use of -z- for -dh-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

muezzin

in Islam, the official who proclaims the call to prayer (adhan) on Friday for the public worship and the call to the daily prayer (salat) five times a day, at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and nightfall. To summon worshipers the Jews use a trumpet and the Christians use a bell, but the Muslims use the human voice. The muezzin is the servant of the mosque and is chosen for his good character. He stands either at the door or side of a small mosque or on the minaret (manara) of a large one. He faces each of the four compass directions in turn: east, west, north, and south. To each direction he cries: "Allah is most great. I testify that there is no God but Allah. I testify that Muhammad is the prophet of Allah. Come to prayer. Come to salvation. Allah is most great. There is no God but Allah." Shi'ite muezzin add, "Come to the best work," after "Come to salvation." Many mosques have installed electronic recordings of the call to prayer, and amplifiers have displaced the muezzin.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Five times a day, polyphonies of the muezzin call to prayer roll across the
  city.
The muezzin sounds his call to prayer five times daily.
The call of the muezzin puts an end to the interview before it degenerates.
The climb is by a series of ramps: the muezzin used to ride up on horseback.
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