mufti

mufti

[muhf-tee]
noun, plural muftis.
1.
civilian clothes, in contrast with military or other uniforms, or as worn by a person who usually wears a uniform.
2.
a Muslim jurist expert in the religious law.
3.
(in the Ottoman Empire) a deputy of the chief Muslim legal adviser to the Sultan.
4.
(initial capital letter) Grand Mufti.

Origin:
1580–90; < Arabic muftī literally, a person who delivers a judgment, originally a Muslim legal adviser; sense of def. 1 arises from the legal adviser being a civil official

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mufti1 (ˈmʌftɪ)
 
n , pl -tis
1.  a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
2.  (in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community
 
[C16: from Arabic muftī, from aftā to give a (legal) decision]

mufti2 (ˈmʌftɪ)
 
n , pl -tis
civilian dress, esp as worn by a person who normally wears a military uniform
 
[C19: perhaps from mufti1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mufti
1586, muphtie "official head of the state religion in Turkey," from Ar. mufti "judge," active participle of afta "to give," conjugated form of fata "he gave a (legal) decision." Sense of "ordinary clothes (not in uniform)" is from 1816, perhaps from mufti's costume of robes and slippers in stage plays,
which was felt to resemble plain clothes.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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