consisting of, having, or involving several or many individuals, parts, elements, relations, etc.; manifold.
(of circuits) arranged in parallel.
(of a circuit or circuits) having a number of points at which connection can be made.
Botany. (of a fruit) collective.
Mathematics. a number that contains another number an integral number of times without a remainder: 12 is a multiple of 3.
Electricity. a group of terminals arranged to make a circuit or group of circuits accessible at a number of points at any one of which connection can be made.

1570–80; < French < Late Latin multiplus manifold. See multi-, duple

nonmultiple, adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
multiple (ˈmʌltɪpəl)
1.  having or involving more than one part, individual, etc: he had multiple injuries
2.  (US), (Canadian) electronics (of a circuit) having a number of conductors in parallel
3.  the product of a given number or polynomial and any other one: 6 is a multiple of 2
4.  telephony an electrical circuit accessible at a number of points to any one of which a connection can be made
5.  short for multiple store
[C17: via French from Late Latin multiplus, from Latin multiplex]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1640s, from Fr. multiple, from L.L. multiplus "manifold," from L. multi- "many, much" + -plus "fold," from base of plicare "to fold, twist;" see ply (v.)). Multiple exposure first recorded 1923.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
multiple   (mŭl'tə-pəl)  Pronunciation Key 
A number that may be divided by another number with no remainder. For example, 4, 10, and 32 are multiples of 2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Researchers have identified two types of white blood cells that are thought to
  cause multiple sclerosis by attacking nerve tissue.
Corporate war games, which simulate the interactions of multiple actors in a
  market, provide a better way to do so.
Twin study surveys genome for cause of multiple sclerosis.
Choosing pieces that can serve multiple functions is a must.
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