multiplier

[muhl-tuh-plahy-er]
noun
1.
a person or thing that multiplies.
2.
Arithmetic. a number by which another is multiplied.
3.
Physics. a device for intensifying some effect.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English; see multiply, -er1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
multiplier (ˈmʌltɪˌplaɪə)
 
n
1.  a person or thing that multiplies
2.  See also multiplicand the number by which another number, the multiplicand, is multiplied
3.  physics any device or instrument, such as a photomultiplier, for increasing an effect
4.  economics
 a.  the ratio of the total change in income (resulting from successive rounds of spending) to an initial autonomous change in expenditure
 b.  (as modifier): multiplier effects

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
multiplier   (mŭl'tə-plī'ər)  Pronunciation Key 
The number by which another number is multiplied.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
However, the late adolescents were more swayed and parted with significantly
  more points as their partner's multiplier increased.
The researchers simply applied a unique multiplier to each set of data in order
  to come up with the estimates.
But by interweaving several stories, the movie suffers from a peculiar
  multiplier effect: it deepens its shallowness.
The multiplier is also likely to vary according to the type of fiscal action.
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