7 Essential Words of Fall
Bavarian capital, German München, from root of Mönch "monk" (see monk); founded 1158 as a market town by Benedictine monks. In allusions to "appeasement" it is from the meeting of German, British, French and Italian representatives there in Sept. 29, 1938, which resulted in the cession of Sudetenland to Germany in exchange for Hitler's pledges.
During the flight Daladier sat silent and morose, worried about the reception he would receive at Le Bourget, about how the French would react to his having betrayed Czechoslovakia and France's promises. As the plane circled for landing, he and others saw a massive crowd awaiting them. Expecting jeers, hisses, rotten fruit, and maybe worse, Daladier declared stolidly: 'They are going to mob me, I suppose. ... I appreciate their feelings,' and insisted on absorbing their wrath by being the first off the plane. But as he stood dumbfounded on the gangplank, thousands surged forward carrying flags and flowers, shouting 'Hurrah for France! Hurrah for England! Hurrah for peace!' Daladier turned back to Léger and cursed, 'The God-damned fools!' [Benjamin F. Martin, "France in 1938"]
State in southwestern Germany bordered by the former Czechoslovakia to the east, Austria to the southeast and south, and the German states of Baden-Wurttemberg and Hesse to the west and northwest. Its capital and largest city is Munich.
Note: Adolf Hitler began his rise to power in Bavaria.
Note: The area is famous for its beer and automobiles. BMW stands for Bavarian Motor Works.
Note: Munich was the scene of the Nazi party's rise to power; National Socialism (Nazism) was founded there in 1918, and Adolf Hitler led an attempted revolution in Munich in 1923, the Beer Hall Putsch.
Note: The Munich Pact, drawn up in 1938, forced Czechoslovakia to give up territory to the Nazis.
Note: During World War II, the Allies bombed much of the city. After the war, it was the largest city in the American occupation zone.