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murex

[myoo r-eks] /ˈmyʊər ɛks/
noun, plural murices
[myoo r-uh-seez] /ˈmyʊər əˌsiz/ (Show IPA),
murexes.
1.
any marine gastropod of the genus Murex, common in tropical seas, certain species of which yield the royal purple dye valued by the ancients.
2.
a shell used as a trumpet, as in representations of Tritons in art.
3.
purplish red.
Origin of murex
1580-1590
1580-90; < New Latin, Latin mūrex the shellfish that yielded Tyrian purple dye
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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murex

/ˈmjʊərɛks/
noun (pl) murices (ˈmjʊərɪˌsiːz)
1.
any of various spiny-shelled marine gastropods of the genus Murex and related genera: formerly used as a source of the dye Tyrian purple
Word Origin
C16: from Latin mūrex purple fish; related to Greek muax sea mussel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for murex
n.

kind of shellfish which yields a purple dye, 1580s, from Latin murex (plural murices) "purple fish, purple dye," probably cognate with Greek myax "sea mussel," of unknown origin, perhaps related to mys "mouse" (see muscle (n.) and mussel).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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