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city, seat (1837) of Muscatine county, eastern Iowa, U.S., on the Mississippi River, 32 miles (51 km) southwest of Davenport. The first settlers arrived in 1834, and a trading post was established the following year. It was originally called Bloomington but was renamed (1850), probably for the Mascoutin Indians; mascoutin is thought to have meant "burning island" or "fiery nation," possibly in reference to nearby Muscatine Island. The writer Mark Twain lived in the city briefly in 1854.