muscular dystrophy

noun Pathology.
a hereditary disease characterized by gradual wasting of the muscles with replacement by scar tissue and fat, sometimes also affecting the heart.

Origin:
1865–70

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Collins
World English Dictionary
muscular dystrophy
 
n
a genetic disease characterized by progressive deterioration and wasting of muscle fibres, causing difficulty in walking

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

muscular dystrophy n.
Abbr. MD

  1. Any of a group of progressive muscle disorders caused by a defect in one or more genes that control muscle function and characterized by gradual irreversible wasting of skeletal muscle. Also called myodystrophy.

  2. Pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
muscular dystrophy   (mŭs'kyə-lər dĭs'trə-fē)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of a group of inherited progressive muscle disorders caused by a defect in one or more genes that control muscle function and characterized by gradual irreversible wasting of skeletal muscle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
muscular dystrophy [(dis-truh-fee)]

A hereditary disease in which the muscles progressively waste away. The disease can be potentially treated through gene therapy.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
They have to play some role in the decision whether to pay for research into medieval poetry or muscular dystrophy.
Replacing defective genes holds out great promise for people suffering from diseases such as muscular dystrophy and cancer.
Researchers say they turned a mouse with muscular dystrophy into a mighty mouse by injecting stem cells into its muscles.
New light shed on muscular dystrophy and a rare eye cancer.
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