mutilation

mutilate

[myoot-l-eyt]
verb (used with object), mutilated, mutilating.
1.
to injure, disfigure, or make imperfect by removing or irreparably damaging parts: Vandals mutilated the painting.
2.
to deprive (a person or animal) of a limb or other essential part.

Origin:
1525–35; < Latin mutilātus (past participle of mutilāre to cut off, maim), equivalent to mutil(us) maimed, mutilated + -ātus -ate1

mutilation, noun
mutilative, mutilatory [myoot-l-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , adjective
mutilator, noun
self-mutilating, adjective
self-mutilation, noun
unmutilated, adjective
unmutilative, adjective


1. damage, mar, cripple. 2. See maim.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mutilate (ˈmjuːtɪˌleɪt)
 
vb
1.  to deprive of a limb, essential part, etc; maim; dismember
2.  to mar, expurgate, or damage (a text, book, etc)
 
[C16: from Latin mutilāre to cut off; related to mutilus maimed]
 
muti'lation
 
n
 
'mutilative
 
adj
 
'mutilator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mutilation
1520s, in Scots law, "act of disabling or wounding a limb," from L.L. mutilationem (from mutilatio), from L. mutilatus, pp. of mutilare "to cut or lop off," from mutilus "maimed," which is perhaps cognate with Gk. mytilos "hornless." Of things, "to destroy the unity of by damaging or removing a part,"
it is recorded from 1630s.

mutilate
1530s, of things; 1560s, of persons;, from L. mutilat-, pp. stem of mutilare, from mutilus (see mutilation). Technically, to deprive of some principal part, especially by cutting off. Related: Mutilated; mutilating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

mutilation mu·ti·la·tion (myōōt'l-ā'shən)
n.
Disfigurement or injury by removal or destruction of a conspicuous or essential part of the body.


mu'ti·late' v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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