lying or believed to lie beneath the earth's surface; infernal: the nether regions.
lower or under: his nether lip.

before 900; Middle English nethere, Old English neothera, nithera, derivative of nither down (cognate with German nieder), literally, further down, equivalent to ni- down + -ther comparative suffix

netherward, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
nether (ˈnɛðə)
placed or situated below, beneath, or underground: nether regions; a nether lip
[Old English niothera, nithera, literally: further down, from nither down. Related to Old Irish nitaram, German nieder]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. niþera, neoþera "down, downwards, below, beneath," from P.Gmc. *nitheraz (cf. O.S. nithar, O.N. niðr, O.Fris. nither, Du. neder, Ger. nieder), comp. of PIE *ni- "down, below" (cf. Skt. ni "down," nitaram "downward," Gk. neiothen "from below," O.C.S. nizu "low, down"). Has been replaced
in most senses by lower. The Netherlands formerly included Flanders and thus were equivalent geographically and etymologically to the Low Countries.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
No, but he is subject to some fairly gross indignities: the bug must be
  extracted from his nether regions with forceps.
Some inhabit the nether world of loan sharks and bail bondsmen.
The last example also applies to the nether regions of the body.
She finally located her keys in the nether reaches of her purse and opened the
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