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neuron

[noo r-on, nyoo r-] /ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-/
noun
1.
Cell Biology. a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also, especially British, neurone
[noo r-ohn, nyoo r-] /ˈnʊər oʊn, ˈnyʊər-/ (Show IPA)
.
Also called nerve cell.
Compare synapse.
Origin of neuron
1880-1885
1880-85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve
Related forms
neuronal
[noo r-uh-nl, nyoo r-, noo-rohn-l, nyoo-] /ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for neurone
Historical Examples
  • They are supposed to be due to a change at the synapses connecting neurone with neurone in the grey matter.

  • Association is the result of habit working in neurone groups.

    The Mind and Its Education George Herbert Betts
  • The centre theory and the cell and neurone theory seemed obligatory starting-points.

  • Physiologically stated, free attention is given when a neurone series which is ready to act is called into activity.

    How to Teach George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy
  • Forced attention is necessary when the neurone tracts used by the attention are for some reason unready to act.

    How to Teach George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy
  • The plasticity of neurone groups seems to vary in two respects--as to modifiability and as to power to hold modifications.

    How to Teach George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy
  • The neurone, however, is a little unicellular animal, like the amoeba or the paramecium.

  • The neurone groups controlling the instincts hold a middle place.

    How to Teach George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy
  • Thus it is seen that the neurone is, in its development as in its work, a unit.

    The Mind and Its Education George Herbert Betts
  • The general laws of learning emphasize the importance of the mind's set as a condition to readiness of neurone tracts.

    How to Teach George Drayton Strayer and Naomi Norsworthy
British Dictionary definitions for neurone

neurone

/ˈnjʊərəʊn/
noun
1.
a specialized cell that conducts nerve impulses: consists of a cell body, axon, and dendrites Also called nerve cell
Derived Forms
neuronal, adjective
neuronic (njʊˈrɒnɪk) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for neurone

neuron

n.

"a nerve cell with appendages," 1891, from German Neuron, from Greek neuron (see neuro-). Used earlier (1884) for "the spinal cord and brain."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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neurone in Medicine

neuron neu·ron (nur'ŏn', nyur'-) or neu·rone (-ōn')
n.
Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon. Also called nerve cell, neurocyte.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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neurone in Science
neuron
  (nr'ŏn')   

A cell of the nervous system. Neurons typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called nerve cell.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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