|Newfoundland (ˈnjuːfəndlənd, -fənlənd, -ˌlænd, njuːˈfaʊndlənd)|
|1.||an island of E Canada, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Belle Isle: with the Coast of Labrador, forms the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; consists of a rugged plateau with the Long Range Mountains in the west. Area: 110 681 sq km (42 734 sq miles)|
|2.||the former name for Newfoundland and Labrador|
|3.||a very large heavy breed of dog similar to a Saint Bernard with a flat coarse usually black coat|
Note: Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province in 1949. The remains of possible Viking settlements have been found in Newfoundland.
Note: It was the first overseas possession of England; fishing settlements began in the sixteenth century.