Following the alveolar consonants [t] /t/ (Show IPA) [d] /d/ and [n] /n/ two main types of pronunciation occur for the “long” vowel represented by the spellings u, ue, discontinuous u...e, and ew, as in student, due, nude, and new. In the North and North Midland U.S. [oo] /u/ immediately follows the alveolar consonant: [stood-nt] /ˈstud nt/ [doo] /du/ [nood] /nud/ and [noo] /nu/ . In the South Midland and Southern U.S., pronunciations of the type [styood-nt] /ˈstyud nt/ [dyoo] /dyu/ [nyood] /nyud/ and [nyoo] /nyu/ predominate. Both these types are traceable to England, as well as some less common ones, for example, those in which the high front vowel [i] /ɪ/ substitutes for the [y] /y/ . A belief that the [yoo] /yu/ pronunciations are more prestigious sometimes leads to hypercorrection, the insertion of the y sound where historically it does not belong, leading to such pronunciations as [nyoon] /nyun/ for noon. Currently in the United States, a [y] /y/ following [s] /s/ [z] /z/ [th] /θ/ and [l] /l/ as in sue [syoo] /syu/ resume [ri-zyoom] /rɪˈzyum/ enthusiasm [en-thyoo-see-az-uh m] /ɛnˈθyu siˌæz əm/ and illusion [ih-lyoo-zhuh n] /ɪˈlyu ʒən/ is used by some speakers, but is considered affected by others.